Issues #61 to #74 (January 1993 to May 1994)

From: Janine Adams &

ST.  LOUIS - Dr. Alwyn Gentry, the world's leading expert on the
plants of Latin America, was killed August 3 in a plane crash in
Ecuador. Three other people,  including  American  ornithologist
Ted  Parker,  were  killed  in the crash in the Pacific lowlands
coast of Ecuador. Three biologists survived the crash.

The scientific group was doing an aerial survey of  the  coastal
area  of  Ecuador,  350 miles southwest of Quito, when the crash
occurred. They were on a reconnaissance  trip  for  Conservation
International's Rapid Assessment Program (RAP).

Gentry  began  working at the Missouri Botanical Garden in 1971.
He was revered for his botanical knowledge of South America  and
was  recognized  as one of the world's leading field biologists.
He made  more  than  70,000  botanical  collections  during  his
lifetime.  His understanding of woody tropical plants, a subject
about which he had recently published a major volume, was unsur-

"We feel Al's loss very deeply," said Dr. Peter H. Raven, direc-
tor of the Missouri Botanical Garden. "He was undoubtedly one of
the most knowledgeable people in the  world  about  the  complex
flora  of  Latin  America.  With  the  passing of Al Gentry, the
botanical community, and indeed the world, has lost  an  invalu-
able resource. And the Garden has lost a valued, long-time staff

Gentry  is  survived  by  his wife, Rosa Ortiz de Gentry; a son,
Darrell Gentry; two daughters,  Diane  Gentry  and  Maria  Liana
Gentry; two sisters and his mother.
(BEN # 61  7-August-1993)
From: grapevine (various unofficial sources)

The  Museum  of  Nature  lay-offs  have happened and they can be
described as an "intellectual massacre". Eight  scientists  will
lose  their jobs: five zoologists and three botanists are going.
The botanists are Dr. Robert Ireland, one of Canada's  few  moss
experts;  Dr.  Erich  Haber, who is an expert on Pyrola and rare
and endangered plants; and Dr. K.A. Pirozynski, a palaeobotanist
who has unique knowledge of fossil  fungi.  There  is  a  rumour
about yet another layoff notice that could not be delivered to a
botanist  who  is  on a field trip. Among the zoologists was Dr.
Francis R. Cook, editor of The Canadian Field-Naturalist.

We do not know the duties of the 10 technicians  who  are  being
laid  off,  but  since he says there is no museum in Canada that
has sufficient technical staff to maintain its  biological  col-
lections properly, the cuts must be serious.

Maintenance  of  the  Museum of Nature collections and access to
them are also problems. They hold the Canadian moss  collection,
for  example,  but will now not have anyone on staff with exper-
tise in that field. They  have  apparently  suggested  that  the
Ottawa  collections could be sent out to provincial museums, but
as we know that is impossible in British  Columbia  because  the
Royal  B.C. Museum is also short-staffed and uncertain about its
future role.

In many museums "the exhibition people have taken over" (Science
258, 16 Oct 1992 p. 396). The museum directors seem to  want  to
be  in the entertainment business and have forgotten why museums
were established and have lasted 400 years.
(BEN # 61  7-August-1993)

"Botany is at a low ebb in Canada, at a lower ebb than  in  most
civilized or half civilized countries on the face of the earth."
George Lawson 1860
(BEN # 61  7-August-1993)
From: Jane Bock <BOCK_J@CUBLDR.Colorado.EDU>

One  thing  bothered  me about the fire description you sent. My
colleague, Yan Linhart,  and  I  are  very  concerned  with  two
aspects  of restoration of vegetation.My concerns are that using
exotic plants, even if sterile, slows plant success-  ion  as  a
natural  process  because  the natives must find some way to re-
place the exotics. Linhart is always worried about  revegetation
discouraging maintenance of the naturally occurring gene pool. I
was very impressed with your weed disposal efforts up there from
volunteers.  What if a volunteer party were organized to collect
seeds from indigenous species that were on the  land  pre-burned
from the closest seed sources. This is very labor intensive, but
if  done  by  volunteers,  this  helps. We are trying to get the
National Park Service  here  to  stop  revegetating  lands  from
central  nursery  stock.  It  is  not sufficient to use the same
species in our opinion. The best job is using stock from nearby.
I have lots more to say about this topic if it interests you.
(BEN # 61  7-August-1993)
From: Student Enviro-Link <>

August 20 1993 - The Friends of Clayoquot Sound

As  the  number  of  arrests  on  the  Clayoquot blockade climbs
towards 600, the NDP government has  quietly  promised  to  give
MacMillan  Bloedel  permission to begin blasting a road into the
Clayoquot Valley within a month. A  Forest  Ministry  memorandum
[the  existence  of  this  "leaked" memorandum was denied by the
government  -  AC]  states  that  the  new  forestry  guidelines
promised  by  the Harcourt regime in its unpopular decision will
be waived for a period of 12 months in order to expedite logging
in one of the last untouched valleys in Clayoquot Sound. Despite
post-election assurances  of  public  participation,  no  public
input  will be allowed during the first year of clearcut logging
in this vital valley.

"After all the expensive PR from our  corporate-led  government,
its  logging-as-usual  in  Clayoquot Sound," an angry Friends of
Clayoquot Sound director, Valerie Langer said today. "MacBlo has
flagged its road across 45  degree  slopes  along  an  important
salmon  spawning  stream  and  we're supposed to trust a company
with 25 convictions for damaging fisheries?"

Nuu-chah-nulth nation chiefs and  B.C.'s  biggest  environmental
organizations  have  re-affirmed  their  pledge  to keep the big
multinational logging companies out of  the  pristine  Clayoquot
Valley.  But the Forest Ministry has told MB to expect its road-
building permit by Sept. 14, 1993.

This morning saw 180 rain forest protectors  blockading  a  fog-
shrouded  Kennedy  River  bridge.  Eighteen people - including a
longshoreman and a disabled World War II vet - were arrested for
refusing to allow Interfor and MacMillan Bloedel logging  trucks
to  pass.  "This  is  where patriots belong," 73 year old Austin
Delany stated before being taken into police  custody.  "An  I'm
calling  on  patriots  and veterans particularly in B.C. to come
and stand on guard."

In related developments,  an  application  before  B.C.  Supreme
Court  to  quash  MacMillan  Bloedel's  anti-blockade injunction
enters its second day of  hearings.  Friends'  lawyers  hope  to
convince  the judge that MacMillan Bloedel should not be allowed
to use Crown, RCMP and court  resources  to  enforce  a  private

Though  Clayoquot  fallers  are  set to begin a two week holiday
today, grapple-yarding,  road  building  and  other  rainforest-
unfriendly  activities  will continue at 20 locations throughout
Clayoquot Sound. "We will remain  on  the  road  until  Harcourt
reverses his unfortunate decision," Langer declared.

[For more information call Garth Lenz or Valerie Langer 604-725-
(BEN # 62  21-August-1993)
From: Robert Scheer 371-6400 <>

I  just  realized  I  goofed on the year of the previous fire at
Haynes ' Lease. It was in 1989,  four  years  ago  not  2  as  I

Please  pass  along  to  Jane  Bock that BC Parks has at no time
considered seeding the burn at Haines Lease with sterile or  any
other seeds, for exactly the reasons she stated.

From: Kelly McGrew <72075.1615@CompuServe.COM>

The  idea  that Jane Bock had in BEN #61 was an interesting one:
to use native seeds to revegetate  the  burn  area.  Perhaps  an
option  that  could  be  explored is to work jointly between the
USA, Canada, and Mexico to form "Native Seed Banks" by floristic
area. There are two similar vegetative areas to that of the fire
area and both are in the USA. If some seeds were gathered  there
as  well  as  from  the  areas  nearby in BC which have the same
general floristic types, perhaps that would aid in the regenera-
tion of the area.

Taking the idea a step further,  perhaps  various  native  plant
societies  can  start  to  work together to form seed banks of a
regional or floristic-zone type. For example, the Artemisia  and
Purshia  seeds from southern BC and northern Washington could go
into one regional bank, while the same species  seeds  from  the
Lower  Columbia  Basin  would go into another bank, perhaps with
seeds from North Eastern Oregon. It may take a decade to  define
the floristic zones, put the logistics together and to determine
the  viability  period  for  the seeds, but once those steps are
accomplished a rotating schedule could be set up to insure  that
there are always viable seeds of the general stocks desired.

As  an  example,  on  a  recent trip to my high school home town
(Quincy,  Wash.)  I  collected  some  seeds   from   Pediocactus
simpsonii  var robustior Coult. While there are only a few seeds
(perhaps a couple of dozen) that I was  going  to  send  to  the
herbarium  at  the  Univ.  of Washington (Doug Eqing, Greenhouse
Manager) I would be happy to send them to you if they will  help
to revegetate the area.
[Pediocactus  simpsonii  does  not extend to British Columbia. -
(BEN # 62  7-August-1993)
From: "Robert A. Raguso" <Robert.A.Raguso@UM.CC.UMICH.EDU>

I am studying floral  scent  and  hawkmoth  pollination  in  the
Onagraceae.  I  just  came  across  an  anecdote in one of Bernd
Heinrich's books about sphingid moths visiting Epilobium  angus-
tifolium  at  night... Does anyone have any further observations
on this or know of any  papers  that  discuss  moth  visits  and
pollination in fireweed?
(BEN # 62  7-August-1993)
From: Adolf Ceska <>

My mother-in-law died after a short illness. My wife Oluna and I
will  leave  for Prague tomorrow. We will stay in Czech Republic
till September 20. I want to  look  at  some  critical  vascular
plant  species  with  circumpolar  distribution  and  trace  out
specimens collected  by  my  countryman  Tadeas  Haenke  in  the
Pacific  Northwest  in  1791.  I would also like to collect more
material on spinach and civilization, and to study beginnings of
automation in medieval Prague. (Robot GOLEM was built in  Prague
by  rabbi  Judah Loew b. Bezalel in 16th century, but it failed,
mostly due to the software problems.)

Na shledanou in September.
(BEN # 62  7-August-1993)
From:  Andy  MacKinnon  <>

Jim Pojar, Andy MacKinnon and a whole host of others have a book
coming out next spring (1994) on the plants of the Pacific coast
from Alaska to Oregon, the ocean to the height of  land  in  the
Coast  and  Cascade  Mountains.  It will be similar in format to
1992's "Plants of Northern B.C." and, like that  book,  will  be
co-published  by  the  Ministry  of Forests, Forestry Canada and
Lone Pine Publishing. We'll need about 1000  colour  photographs
(35  mm  slides  preferred)  of individual plant species for the
book. We have perhaps 75% of the  slides  we  need  in  our  own
collections,  but  still  need  those  pesky  other 25%, and are
always looking for slides better than those in our  collections.
We  will  accept  donated  slides (in exchange for a copy of the
book when it's out), or will discuss payment for  permission  to
reproduce  photos  if  you  prefer. All slides will be carefully
documented and transported, and returned to you ASAP. All photos
will be credited.

If you're interested, please contact  Andy  MacKinnon  at:  B.C.
Forest  Service,  Research  Branch, 31 Bastion Square, Victoria,
B.C., Canada V8W 3E7. Phone: (604-) 387-6536, fax:  (604-)  387-
(BEN # 63  26-October-1993)

Prof. Vladimir Krajina died June 1, 1993 and not May 31, 1993.
(BEN # 63  26-October-1993)
From: Aaron Liston <listona@BCC.ORST.EDU> via TAXACOM

Two  curatorial  assistant positions are available in the Oregon
State University Herbarium. One position is full time, the other
is half-time. Primary responsibilities include  the  integration
of  the  OSU and University of Oregon vascular plant, bryophyte,
and lichen herbaria into a newly installed mobile  storage  sys-
tem.  This  will  involve the specimen by specimen comparison of
the collections, assessment and de-accessioning  of  duplicates,
nomenclatural  verification, and specimen re-filing. These posi-
tions are funded for two years by the National  Science  Founda-
tion  Research  Collections  in Systematics and Ecology Program.
Minimum qualifications include a B.Sc. degree in  botany,  biol-
ogy,  or  related  discipline  and prior experience in herbarium
curation. Although the majority of the work  will  involve  vas-
cular plant curation, some lichen and bryophyte curation is also
required. Applicants should submit a cover letter stating inter-
est  in  the  full and/or half-time position, a curriculum vitae
and three letters of reference  (have  sent  directly)  to:  Dr.
Aaron Liston, Herbarium Director, Department of Botany and Plant
Pathology,  Cordley  Hall 2082, Oregon State University, Corval-
lis, OR 97331-2902 (tel: 503  737  5301,  FAX:  503  737  3573).
Closing date for the receipt of applications is December 1,1993.
Oregon  State  University  is an affirmative action equal oppor-
tunity employer and is responsive to the  needs  of  dual-career
(BEN # 63  26-October-1993)

Dr.  Ernie  Small  started  to compile a literature guide to the
Canadian vascular plant  taxonomy  and  phytogeography  for  the
Canadian  Botanical Association. He is interested in your career
lists of publications suitable for inclusion into the guide.  He
would  also  like  to hear from the zoologists with publications
related to vascular plants and phytogeography, and from consult-
ants who produced unpublished reports for government (and other)
agencies. Please send your lists to

   Dr. Ernest Small
   Saunders Building
   Central Experimental Farm
   Ottawa, Ont.
   Canada K1A 0C6

   Phone: 613-996-1665

Sample  of  the  format  (please  use  italics  for  genera  and

           Adolf Ceska, Royal British Columbia Museum
             675 Belleville Street, Victoria, B.C.,
                         Canada V8V 1X4

Ceska, A., and Bell, M.A.M. 1973. Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae)
   in the Pacific Northwest. Madrono 22:74-84.
Ceska, A. 1975. Additions to the adventive flora of Vancouver
   Island, British Columbia. Canad. Field-Naturalist 89:451-453.
Ceska, A., and Warrington, P.D. 1976. Myriophyllum farwellii
   (Haloragaceae) in British Columbia. Rhodora 78:75-78.
(BEN # 63  26-October-1993)
From: Satoru Kojima <>

[A  few days ago I got a letter from Dr. Satoru Kojima. He was a
student of Prof. V.J.  Krajina  at  the  University  of  British
Columbia  and he is now Professor of Plant Ecology at the Toyama
University in Japan. - AC]

Last April, we had some re-organization of our university. It is
a sort of fashion in these days in Japan. Every university talks
about re-organization and re-structuring. As  a  result,  I  was
transferred  to  the  Faculty of Science, the same faculty where
[plant taxonomist] Dr. Naruhasi is stationed.  But  in  reality,
nothing  has  changed. I am in the same office doing exactly the
same job, and so on. This  is  what  they  call  "innovation  of

Japan's  economy  is  slowing down. The unemployment rate is in-
creasing and young  people  such  as  university  graduates  are
facing some difficulty obtaining jobs.

In  terms of research, I keep myself somehow moving. This year I
spent some time in  Hokkaido  studying  an  interesting  wetland
vegetation  and Betula ermanii forest. As I told you in the last
message,  I  made  some  observation  on   the   vegetation   of
Kamtchatka.  There  the  Betula  forest  is predominant and very
characteristic. I want to do some  comparative  studies  of  the
forest  between  Kamtchatka and northern Japan. The flora of the
peninsula is very interesting as pointed out by Hulten. That  of
the  lowland  is very similar to that of northern Japan but that
of the high elevation may include a substantial number of Berin-
gian elements hence somewhat resembles that of Alaska-Yukon. For
the Kamtchatka, I  tentatively  recognized  five  biogeoclimatic
zones,  i.e.  from  low  elevation to high: 1) Larix kamtchatica
zone, 2) Picea jezoensis zone, 3) Betula ermanii zone, 4)  Pinus
pumila  zone,  and  5)  alpine tundra zone. Except 1) and 5), we
have similar or the same zones in Hokkaido.

My dream is to cover the entire  northern  Pacific  region  from
northern  Japan,  Kurile Islands, Kamtchatka Peninsula, Aleutian
Islands, Alaska-Yukon, to the Pacific western North America with
the biogeoclimatic classification together with  some  floristic

As  a  part of this personal project, I would like to spend some
time in the Yukon next summer (1994), though nothing  is  final-
ized  yet.  I  need  to find some finance and time to do so. Any
way, I will keep you informed.

I would appreciate any news about you and your  wife,  Victoria,
and Canada.

All the best. Bye for now. Satoru
(BEN # 64  9-November-1993)

We are trying to establish an organization for people interested
in  fungi  and mushrooms in Victoria, B.C. If you are interested
in joining this group, please give  your  name  and  address  to
Hannah  Nadel  (phone  721-4291)  or  leave  her  a  message c/o .
(BEN # 64  9-November-1993)
From: Robert Meinke <meinker@BCC.ORST.EDU>

In 4-6 weeks the State  of  Oregon  will  be  recruiting  for  a
botanist    with    expertise    in    stage-based   demographic
monitoring/modelling of rare and endangered  plant  populations.
Experience  with  transition  matrix  modelling, including field
set-up, data collection, and analysis (employing Ramas-stage  or
something  comparable)  will  be  required.  General statistical
proficiency is also necessary (ANOVA,  various  non-parametrics,
etc.),  as  well  as  an ability to use D-base and Quatro pro or
their equivalents. The individual selected will be continuing or
expanding field projects already in progress, and  will  oversee
2-4  conservation  biology  interns.  Additional assignments may
include field supervision of  a  re-introduction  study  for  an
endangered dune species on the Oregon coast.

The  position  is  presently  set  for  18  months (beginning in
January 1994), with the possibility of  extension.  Compensation
will  include  full benefits and $ 25-30k annually. Duty station
will be Corvallis, Oregon, with extensive  spring/summer  travel
within the state, often to remote areas.

If  you  wish  to  be  put on a mailing list to receive the full
announcement for this position reply electronically or  by  post

     Bob Meinke
     Department of Botany & Plant Pathology
     Oregon State University
     CORVALLIS, OR  97331
(BEN # 64  9-November-1993)
From: Peter Kevan <>
(Originally posted on

This magnum opus, sponsored by the Entomological Society of
Canada  and the Canadian Phytopathological Society, will be
available very shortly. The book, over 400 pages  with  136
colour  plates  can be purchased from Marilyn Dykstra, Pest
Diagnostic Clinic, POBox 3650, 95 Stone  Rd.  W.,  Zone  2,
Guelph, Ontario N1G 8J7. FAX 519-767-6240. The price is not
yet  available,  but  Marilyn will be able to advise if you
FAX her.
(BEN # 64  9-November-1993)

During the long pause between BEN # 62 and BEN # 63 I got a
record number of requests from people who  wanted  to  sub-
scribe  to  BEN and no request to unsubscribe. As soon as I
produced a new issue, the number of new subscribers dropped
and two people wanted to unsubscribe. You can see that  BEN
is  much  more successful when it does not appear than when
it does. Please don't be discouraged by this fact and  send
me  whatever  interesting  botanical  news  you  have. Many
thanks for your support. - Adolf Ceska
(BEN # 64  9-November-1993)
From: Trudy Chatwin <>

Monday, December 6, 1993 from 8:30 am - 12:00 noon
Maritime Museum, Bastion Square, Victoria, B.C.

This  Forest Invertebrate Biodiversity Seminar is the first in a
series of biodiversity related seminars sponsored by the  Inter-
Ministry  Biodiversity  Group. The objective of the series is to
facilitate communication within the biodiversity  research  com-
munity  and  others  interested  in  this  field. Join us for an
interesting and stimulating morning!

Contact:  Trudy  Chatwin,  Wildlife  Branch  387-9756  or  Carol
Rosskam, Research Branch 356-6813 for further details
(BEN # 65  30-November-1993)

I  gave  you a wrong number of Hannah Nadel in BEN #64. Her cor-
rect phone number is 721-1386.
(BEN # 65  30-November-1993)
From: Frank Lomer c/o <>

Over the last couple of years I have found a  few  specimens  of
interests in the UBC Herbarium:

Atriplex  nuttallii  Wats.  - Collected at Clayhurst crossing on
      the North bank of Peace by Al Rose, s.n., June 29, 197. K.
      Beamish determined it correctly March 12, 1981 and I'm not
      sure if it has ever been collected  before  in  B.C.,  al-
      though  this  species and Atriplex canescens both approach
      B.C. in northwest Alberta. [A single specimen of  A.  nut-
      tallii  in  the Royal British Columbia Museum (V) was col-
      lected in Clayhurst Ecological  Reserve  #8,  Peace  River
      District, by R.D. Kabzems, #16, August 1989 and identified
      by R.T. Ogilvie, November 1989.]

Senecio  squalidus  L.  -  Collected  in  ballast at the foot of
      Nanaimo St., Vancouver by W. Taylor, s.n., July 1950.  Not
      known  since.  Labelled  as  S.  erucifolius  L. Native to
      Canada and S. Europe but now  a  common  weed  in  England
      since its introduction 200 years ago.

Polygonum  minus  Hudson  -  Collected  at  Hatzic  Lake by V.J.
      Krajina, Aug. 2, 1949, and labelled as  P.  persicaria  L.
      Now  fairly  common  on  mud  shore of Fraser in the Lower
      Fraser Valley. Also abundant around a pond at  Tranquille.
      Introduced from Europe.

Polygonum  sawatchense Small - Collected on the road up to Windy
      Joe, Manning Park by K. Beamish, # 7856, Aug. 4, 1957  and
      identified  as  P.  minumum.  Native  in the North Central
      Cascades South to California.

Hypericum boreale (Britt.) Bickn. - Collected at Pitt Polder  by
      K.  Beamish,  s.n.,  Sept.  25,  1961,  and now known from
      numerous locations in the lower mainland. Probably  intro-
      duced  in  B.C.  in  cranberry  bogs where it is sometimes
      abundant. Also naturalized on  mud  banks  of  the  Fraser

Chenopodium  foliosum  (Moench) Asch. - Collected from Redstone,
      Chilcotin by J.W. Eastham, s.n., July 24, 1944.

Cryptantha watsonii (Gray) Greene - Collected  from  Osoyoos  by
      J.W.  Eastham,  71V6,  May  11,  1940.  Since collected by
      myself  6  June  1993  by  Ashnola  River  near   Lakeview
      campsite, Cathedral Park area.
(BEN # 65  30-November-1993)
From: Tara Steigenberger <>,

We  were  recently informed that our book, Some Common Mosses of
B.C., was selected for the School Library Book Purchase plan.

What that means is that Mosses will be on a list of  books  that
has been given a "stamp of approval" by a committee of teachers.
This  list  will  be  given to school boards, and the librarians
will read through the list to decide which titles they  wish  to
purchase.  Being  on  the  Library Purchase Plan list brings our
title to the attention of  the  librarians,  who  may  not  have
considered our book without the list.

We repeat the ordering information from BEN # 50:

Schofield: Some common mosses of British Columbia - 2nd Edition

The  second (revised and expanded) edition of the popular Museum
Handbook no. 28 was published by the Royal B.C. Museum  in  Vic-
toria and costs $12.95 Canadian.

Individuals  order  from The Royal Museum Shop at 675 Belleville
Street, Victoria, BC, V8V 1X4, Tel  (604)  356-0505,  Fax  (604)
356-8197. The Shop charges $1.50 shipping and handling per book.
Please  add  7% GST to total order. Major credit cards, purchase
orders, personal cheques, money orders accepted.

Resale outlets and institutions order from  CROWN  Publications,
Inc.  at 546 Yates Street, Victoria, BC, V8W 1K8, Tel (604) 386-
4636, Fax (604) 386-0221. Major credit cards,  purchase  orders,
personal cheques, money orders accepted.
(BEN # 65  30-November-1993)

Several  conspirators  met  on December 9 in the house of Hannah
Nadel in Victoria and decided  to  establish  "Vancouver  Island
Mycological Society" (please note that the name is provisional).
The  society  will have its monthly meetings each first Thursday
of the month, starting on February 3, 1994. Meeting  place  will
be  announced,  but  it  is  highly probable that it will be the
Pacific Forestry Centre on West Burnside Road. Watch for further
(BEN # 66  14-December-1993)
From: "Gail M. Berg" <>

The rafting company I hired to take us down the Columbia for the
Botany BC field trip has been charged with taking  a  trip  down
that  river without having a licence to do so on that particular
piece of waterway. They refused to pay a $100.00 fine (for  some
reason) so the Conservation Officer out of Golden has taken them
to  court.  Peter  Holmes  (the Habitat Biologist from here) and
myself have been subpoenaed to go to court on February 22,  1994
to  act  as  witnesses.  Hopefully I will make it to the meeting
next year in the Queen Charlotte Islands and  will  be  able  to
show  some slides complete with me being led into court in hand-
cuffs. Does Botany BC have any sort of a defence fund  for  this
type of incident ?
(BEN # 66  14-December-1993)
From: J. Sigg's article, Fremontia 21, No. 4.

San  Bruno Mountain is a long ridge (1,314 feet) in northern San
Mateo County adjacent to San Francisco. The area has  long  been
of  interest of botanists because of the presence of many plants
that reach either the northern or the southern  limit  of  their
ranges.  It  has  geographic  variants  of  widespread  species,
several rare or uncommon plants  and  two  or  three  endangered
butterflies.  The majority of the mountain is a state and county
park, with several hundred privately owned acres  on  the  lower
slopes  and  ridges.  Much  of  the  prime habitat for the three
butterflies is on private property. The  specific  goal  of  the
1982 Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP), the first in the U.S., was
to  protect  the  ecosystem  of the entire remaining undeveloped
portions of the mountain.

Several large developments that would destroy butterfly  habitat
had  been  proposed for the lower slopes and ridges of the moun-
tain. Using the new 1982 HCP process, development on  San  Bruno
Mountain could now proceed.

The  main  threat  to  the mountain ecosystem and its endangered
species - other than development - was and  is  the  advance  of
invasive  exotic  plants: gorse (Ulex europaeus), Tasmanian blue
gum (Eucalyptus globulus), French broom (Genista monspessulana),
Scotch  and  Mediterranean  broom  (Cytisus  scoparius  and   C.
striatus),  fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), and Andean pampas grass
(Cortaderia jubata). Other  alien  species  scattered  over  the
mountain  are  Monterey  pine  (Pinus radiata), Monterey cypress
(Cupressus macrocarpa), Himalayan blackberry  (Rubus  procerus),
cotoneaster  (Cotoneaster  spp.),  pyracantha  (Pyracantha sp.),
English ivy (Hedera helix) and German ivy (Senecio mikanioides).
Singly or in combination, these species  are  able  to  displace
even healthy native plant communities in this climatic regime.

Compared  to  1982, there are greater numbers of invasive plants
on the mountain, and they occupy a larger area, displacing  more
native  plants.  For  eleven  years the HCP has concerned almost
exclusively on gorse, ... but there is as much gorse today as in
1982, possibly more. The county has chained, bulldozed, sprayed,
burned, and mechanically removed acres of gorse, yet the  stands
have  remained  essentially  the  same  over  the  years because
patches are allowed to regenerate from roots  and  seeds.  While
the  HCP  was locked into obsession with gorse, other aggressive
plants were freely proliferating and destroying prime habitat.

Once a weed has been extirpated, the area should  not  be  aban-
doned. Native plants do not automatically recolonize a disturbed
area.  The  science  of  restoration  must be employed if native
plants are to reclaim their rightful place. Otherwise  the  same
weed will return or others will replace them.

By  1990  the Yerba Buena Chapter of the California Native Plant
Society was disturbed that no one had looked at the HCP and  its
results  in the field since the plan began. For over the decades
the chapter members had been fighting weeds in natural areas  in
the San Francisco area. Since September 1990 the chapter members
logged  over  2,200 person-hours of weed control work. The Yerba
Buena Chapter has formed  a  San  Bruno  Mountain  Committee  to
comment  on  the  gorse management draft and the HCP and offered
its knowledge and energy to  revise,  revitalize,  or  make  San
Bruno Mountain HCP work to restore butterfly habitat.
(BEN # 66  14-December-1993)
From: JIR@MITVMA.BITNET (modified by BEN, without a permission!)

The mini-Journal of Irreproducible Results publishes news  about
overly stimulating research and ideas. Specifically:
A)  Haphazardly selected superficial (but advanced!) extracts of
      research  news  and  satire  from  the  Journal   of   Ir-
      reproducible Results (JIR).
B)  News  about  the  annual  Ig  Nobel Prize ceremony. Ig Nobel
      Prizes honor "achievements that cannot or  should  not  be
      reproduced."   A  public  ceremony  is  held  at  MIT,  in
      Cambridge Massachusetts, every  autumn.  The  ceremony  is
      sponsored jointly by JIR and by the MIT Museum.
C)  News  about  other science humor activities conducted by the
      MIT Museum and JIR.

The mini-Journal of  Irreproducible  Results  is  an  electronic
publication,  available over the Internet, free of charge. It is
distributed as a LISTSERV application. We expect to publish 6-12
issues per year.
To subscribe, send a brief E-mail message to either one of these
your  message should contain ONLY the words "SUBSCRIBE MINI-JIR"
followed by your name.
Here are two examples:
       SUBSCRIBE MINI-JIR Irene Curie Joliet
       SUBSCRIBE MINI-JIR Nicholas Lobachevsky

To stop subscribing, send an unsubscribe  message  to  the  same
address. Here are two examples:

If  you  have  questions about how to subscribe, or if you would
like to re-distribute mini-JIR, please send e-mail to:
Back issues of mini-JIR will be available via  LISTSERV  and  on
various gophers.
(BEN # 66  14-December-1993)

January 6, 1994 [Thursday] - Pacific Forestry Centre, Conference
      Room,  10:30  a.m.  till  noon:  "Pacific Yew and Taxol: A
      Challenge for Sustainable Development" (A Seminar designed
      to convey the  broad  range  of  research  projects  being
      conducted  on  Pacific  yew  by  scientists at the Pacific
      Forestry Centre)

January 18, 1994 [Tuesday] - Swan Lake Nature House, 7:30  p.m.:
      "Botany  Night  -  Succulents"  -  Identification  of B.C.
      families: Crassulaceae and Saxifragaceae.

January 19, 1994 [Wednesday] - Newcombe  Auditorium,  8:30  till
      noon:  "Natural  History  Colloquium."  (A presentation on
      research  projects  conducted  by  the   natural   history
      curators of the Royal B.C. Museum)
(BEN # 67  4-January-1994)

Assistant   Professor,  Mycology.  --  A  tenure-track,  9-month
faculty position is  available  in  mycology.  Teaching  respon-
sibilities  include  introductory and advanced courses in mycol-
ogy, and contributions to the general  biology  curriculum.  The
successful  candidate  is  expected  to develop an extramurally-
funded research program. Areas of research include, but are  not
limited  to,  evolutionary biology, population genetics and sys-
tematics of fungi. The individual chosen will be responsible for
the oversight of the mycological collection which is  housed  in
the  Oregon  State University Herbarium within the Department of
Botany and Plant Pathology.

Application closing date: February 28, 1994
Position available: September 16, 1994

For more information contact:
      Chairperson, Mycology Search Committee
      Department of Botany and Plant Pathology
      Oregon State University
      Cordley Hall 2082
      Corvallis, OR 97331-2902
 Telephone: 503-737-5286 FAX: 503-737-3573
(BEN # 67  4-January-1994)

Ring counts on Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)  stumps  were
used  to reconstruct the early development of old-growth forests
northeast of Mount St  Helens,  Washington,  after  catastrophic
forest  disturbance  by tephra fall from an eruption in 1480. In
addition to  documenting  volcanic  and  other  disturbances  in
forests   near   the   volcano,  this  investigation  tests  the
hypotheses that distant seed sources, repeated disturbances,  or
competition  from  shrubs  and  hardwoods  caused Douglas-fir to
slowly (>90 years) recolonize sites in the western Cascade Range
400 to 500 years ago. Findings show  that  long  distances  from
seed  sources  could have contributed to the slow development of
regional old-growth Douglas-fir stands after  catastrophic  dis-
turbances,  but  not repeated disturbances during stand develop-
ment, and not competition from shrubs and hardwoods.  The  find-
ings  also suggest an AD 2020-2160 timeline for natural refores-
tation of the Mount St Helens National Volcanic Monument.
[Abstract from: Yamaguchi, D.K. 1993. Forest history,  Mount  St
Helens.  Research & Exploration - A Scholarly Publication of the
National Geographic Society, 9(No. 3 - Summer 1993): 294-325.]
(BEN # 67  4-January-1994)
From: Medline

Andrews, A.H.,  Giles,  C.J.,  Thomsett,  L.R.  1985.  Suspected
poisoning of a goat by giant hogweed. Vet-Rec. 116(8): 205-7.
A  five-year-old  male African pygmy goat  became ill four weeks
after transfer from a zoological garden to a municipal park. The
animal was subdued, refused to eat and drink and showed  profuse
salivation. Examination of the mouth revealed severe ulceration.
The  condition  gradually  responded  to  nursing and supportive
therapy. Circumstantial evidence suggested the possibility  that
the   lesions   were   caused   by   giant   hogweed  (Heracleum
mantegazzianum).  Supportive  evidence  that  the  plant   could
produce lesions was provided by the application of a cut stem to
the  hard  palate and a solution of various dilutions to clipped
areas of the backs of two ewes. Both ewes produced reddened skin
when the concentrated  solution  was  applied  and  both  showed
marked reddening of the gingival mucosae and in one animal small
ulcers  developed  in  the rostral part of the mouth. It is sug-
gested that H. mantegazzianum may  be  a  potential  hazard  for
grazing ruminants.

Pira,  E.,  Romano, C., Sulotto, F., Pavan, I., Monaco, E. 1989.
Heracleum mantegazzianum growth phases and furocoumarin content.
Contact-Dermatitis 21(5): 300-3.
The observation of photocontact dermatitis from  Heracleum  man-
tegazzianum  Sommier  et  Levier in 2 gardeners at work prompted
the analysis of furocoumarin content of stem, leaves and  fruits
of  the plant during a period of 1 year. Their concentration was
found to be maximal in fruit, intermediate in leaf, and  minimal
in  stem.  Psoralen was the most prevalent substance in the leaf
and bergapten in the fruit. In the stem, in contrast, individual
furocoumarins were found in lower but variable concentrations. 3
furocoumarin seasonal peaks  were  observed  in  the  leaf:  the
maximal  peak  occurred in June, the intermediate in August, the
minimal in November. This  trend  corresponds  to  3  biological
phases of the weed.

Ippen,  H.  1984.  [Photodermatitis  bullosa generalisata] Derm-
Beruf-Umwelt. 1984; 32(4): 134-7. [German]
Two  observed  cases   indicate   atypical   forms   of   phyto-
photodermatitis.  Unusual localisations or generalized outbreaks
have to be taken into account in  cases  of  sunbathing  without
clothes  on.  Power  lawn  mowers  with  rotating  blades spread
Heracleum and other phototoxic juices  via  freshly  cut  grass,
causing  diffuse - as opposed to striped - manifestations on the
uncovered skin areas. The most  certain  prevention  of  such  a
reaction is to known which few plants are responsible for phyto-
photodermatitis  and  to avoid them in sunny weather. The plants
should  by  no  means  be  exterminated,  even  those  (such  as
Heracleum mantegazzianum, "giant hogweed") which have a tendency
to spread.

Further references:
Prinz,  V.L.,  Kostler,  H.  1976.  Ein Bericht uber 3 Falle von
toxischer Phytophotodermatitis  durch  Heracleum  mantegazzianum
(Riesenherkulesstaude). Dermatol-Monatsschr. 162(11): 881-6.
Camm,  E., Buck, H.W., Mitchell, J.C. 1976. Phytophotodermatitis
from Heracleum mantegazzianum. Contact-Dermatitis. 2(2): 68-72.
(BEN # 67  4-January-1994)

January 18, 1994 [Tuesday] - Swan Lake Nature House, 7:30  p.m.:
      "Botany  Night  -  Succulents"  -  Identification  of B.C.
      families: Crassulaceae and Saxifragaceae.

January 19, 1994 [Wednesday] - Newcombe  Auditorium,  8:30  till
      noon:  "Natural  History  Symposium."  (A presentation on
      research  projects  conducted  by  the   natural   history
      curators of the Royal B.C. Museum). 
      Continental breakfast will be served in the Newcombe Lobby
      at 8:00 a.m.
(BEN # 68  9-January-1994)
From: Kelly McGrew <72075.1615@CompuServe.COM>

The  South  Sound Chapter of the Washington Native Plant Society
is sponsoring four  workshops  in  Olympia  during  January  and
February  to  help  you learn more about native plants and their

January 15, 1994 - Fern  Growth  and  Identification  by  Judith
      Jones,  manager  of  Fancy  Fronds,  a  national wholesale
      grower of ferns.
January 29, 1994 - Ecology of the Lowland Forest by Dave  Peter,
      Forest Ecologist with the Olympic National Forest.
February 19, 1994 - Moss Identification by Kelly McGrew, amateur
February 26, 1994 - Flora of the Puget Sound and It's Origins by
      John  Gamon,  Botanist  at the Natural Heritage Program of
      the Department of Natural Resources.

All workshops will be held at South Puget Sound  Community  Col-
lege.  Sessions  begin  at  8:30  AM  and  will  last  until ap-
proximately noon. If there is interest,  some  instructors  will
offer  a  second  workshop  in  the afternoon from 1:00 PM until
approximately 4:30 PM. There is no charge  for  these  workshops
but  priority  seating  will  be  given to WNPS members. Because
seating is limited you must sign  up  in  advance.  To  sign  up
please   call   Kelly   McGrew  at  206-953-8533  or  e-mail  to
(BEN # 68  9-January-1994)

of The Botanical Society of America, The Torrey Botanical  Club,
and The Philadelphia Botanical Club.
The 1994 Joint Field Meeting will take place Sunday afternoon to
Thursday  morning,  June 26-30, at Frostburg State University in
western Maryland. The field trips will examine plants  of  shale
barrens,  swamps, old-growth forests, bogs and Triassic uplands.
Evening programs  will  deal  with  aspects  of  the  the  flora
visited, with the geology of the region, and with the management
of the threatened species.
The  price  is $175.00 per person. This includes housing, meals,
bus transportation, trip leadership and evening programs.
For further information and  a registration form, send e-mail to (Kathy Bilton)
Kathy Bilton PO Box 886, Shepherdstown, WV 25443
(BEN # 68  9-January-1994)
From: Aquaphyte, vol. 13, no. 2 - Fall 1993

Interest is being shown lately in  the  North  American  weevil,
Eurhychiopsis  lecontei,  as  a  biological  control  agent  for
Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.). The weevil has
been associated with declining populations  of  watermilfoil  in
the northeastern United States.

Robert  Creed  and  Sallie Sheldon (Dept. of Biology, Middlebury
College, Vermont) found that all life stages of the  weevil  are
associated  with Eurasian watermilfoil. Adults lay their eggs on
the meristems; larvae burrow into  and  feed  on  the  meristems
before moving down and into the stem. Pupation occurs inside the
stem. Adults feed on the stems, leaves and leaflets of watermil-
foil,  and mate on the plant. They appear to concentrate feeding
on the upper portions of the plant, removing significant amounts
of photosynthetic tissue. Also, stem damage from both adults and
larvae causes watermilfoil to lose its buoyancy  and  sink.  The
researchers  suggest  that the loss of buoyancy may be more sig-
nificant in controlling the plant than the loss of leaves.

The weevils appear to prefer the  exotic  Myriophyllum  spicatum
over  the native milfoil (M. sibiricum = exalbescens). Creed and
Sheldon suggest that the weevil may  have  either  expanded  its
diet  to  include M. spicatum or undergone a host shift from the
native plant to the exotic one.

Ref.: Creed, R.P., Jr. &  S.P.  Sheldon.  1993.  The  effect  of
feeding  by  a  North American weevil, Eurhychiopsis lecontei on
Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum  spicatum).  Aquatic  Botany
45: 245-256.
[See  also "Aquatic caterpillar may control water weed" in BEN #
(BEN # 68  9-January-1994)
From: Aquaphyte, vol. 13, no. 2 - Fall 1993

At the Red Bow Cliff Dwelling in Arizona,  hundreds  of  prehis-
toric  cigarettes  have been found, some wrapped in cotton, some
tied together, and others adorned with miniature bows.

K.R. Adams of the Crow Canyon Archeological  Center  in  Cortez,
Colorado,  sampled  a dozen of cigarettes and confirmed previous
suggestions: the 600-year-old smokes are made from the  stem  of
the  giant  reed  (Phragmites  australis),  and  contain tobacco
(Nicotiana spp.). The reed "barrel" of the cigarette was stuffed
with tobacco. The tobacco was lit and  smoked;  the  tough  reed
exterior did not burn, and was used again.

In  her  review  of  other research, the author found that other
"historic North America groups" (Hopi,  Comanche,  etc.)  smoked
parts  of  at  least 13 kinds of plants and at least one kind of
bird feathers.

Ref.:  Adams,  K.R.  1990.  Prehistoric  reedgrass  (Phragmites)
"cigarettes"  with  tobacco  (Nicotiana)  contents: a case study
from Red Bow Cliff Dwelling, Arizona. J. Ethnobiology  10:  123-
(BEN # 68  9-January-1994)

Aquaphyte  is  a  newsletter published by the Center for Aquatic
Plants  and  the  Aquatic  Plant  Information  Retrieval  System
(APIRS)  of  the  University  of Florida (7922 N.W. 71st Street,
Gainesville, FL 32606, USA).  It  is  sent  to  5,000  managers,
researchers  and  agencies  in  87 countries [and it seems to be
free-of-charge  !].  Besides  articles  on  aquatic  plants  and
vegetation,  Aquaphyte  publishes  excerpts  from APIRS bibliog-
raphic data base, book reviews, and announcements of meetings.
(BEN # 68  9-January-1994)

Viereck, L.A., C.T. Dyrness, A.R. Batten & K.J. Wenzlick.  1992.
The  Alaska  vegetation classification. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GRT-
286, Portland, OR. 278 p. 

Abstract: The Alaska vegetation classification presented here is
a comprehensive, statewide system that has been  under  develop-
ment  since  1976.  The classification is based, as much as pos-
sible, on the characteristic s of the vegetation itself  and  is
designed   to  categorize  existing  vegetation,  not  potential
vegetation. A hierarchical system with five levels of resolution
is used for classifying Alaska vegetation. The  system,  an  ag-
glomerative one, starts with 888 known Alaska plant communities,
which are listed and referenced ...
[Glossary   of   terms,  list  of  species  mentioned,  and  480
references. Great book! Published by:  USDA,  Pacific  Northwest
Research Station, 333 S.W. First Avenue, P.O.Box 3890, Portland,
Oregon 97208-3890, USA]
(BEN # 68  9-January-1994)
From: Robert Froese <> on ECOLOG-L [abbrev.]

Saturday, January 29, 1994 from 8:30 to 4:30
in the Scarfe Building, Room 100, on the UBC Campus
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada
Free admission

Speakers at this day-long forum will include:

Clark Binkley, Dean of Faculty of Forestry
Mike Fenger, Forestry Specialist, Ministry of Environment,
     Lands and Parks
Gordon Weetman, Professor of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry
John Borrows, Director, First Nations Law Programme
David Cohen, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law
Gary Bowden, Resource Economist, Clayton Associates

In  the Afternoon the following Panel will discuss public policy
issues, and address the question "Did the Process Fail?"

Carol Reardon, Lawyer, West Coast Environmental Law Association
George Hoberg, Associate Professor, Dept of Political Science
William Stanbury, Professor, Faculty of Commerce and
     Business Administration
Hamish Kimmins, Professor of Forest Sciences

There will be an opportunity to ask questions after  every  ses-
sion. Facilities will be available for Coffee, snacks and Lunch.

For  further  information  either contact the originator or call
UBC Continuing Studies directly at (604) 222-5203.
(BEN # 69  26-January-1994)

Question <mohenly@malahat.Library.UVic.CA>: Just  curious.  Were
representatives  from  the Friends of Clayoquot invited to speak
as part of this "comprehensive" analysis?

Answer  <>:  Nope.   Neither   were   repre-
sentatives  of International Forest Products, Macmillan Bloedel,
or MLA's. The focus of this forum is to provide  an  opportunity
for semi-academic analysis of many of the issues involved in the
controversy over forest land use in the Sound.

Admission  is  free, however, and any interested person, regard-
less of political or philosophical  conviction,  is  welcome  to
attend and join in question and answer sessions.

Question  <>:  I  don't  want  to  play
net.cop here, but if we're going to have this thread on  ECOLOG,
could  *somebody*  please provide some basic background informa-
tion? (E.g., what's a clayoquot? What's the conflict? Why should
we care?)

Answer (Vicki Husband, Sierra Club): Clayoquot Sound is  260,000
hectares  of  mostly  pristine  wilderness  on the west coast of
Vancouver Island. It is the most southerly extent  of  any  sig-
nificant  remaining  old growth temperate rainforest. In January
1992 the British Columbia government set up  the  Commission  on
Resources  and  Environment (CORE). They were to look at solving
land use problems on Vancouver Island, but the issue  of  Clayo-
quot was deliberately excluded from their mandate.

On  April  13, 1993, the NDP government announced their decision
on Clayoquot [see BEN # 54]. One third protected, two thirds  to
be logged (in terms of old growth forest/merchantable timber 74%
was  committed  for logging). There was no consultation with the
Nuu Chah Nulth Nation who live in Clayoquot Sound.

During the summer of 1993, the environmental group,  Friends  of
Clayoquot  Sound organized a major protest on logging road lead-
ing to an active logging site [see BEN # 62].  Over  850  people
have  been  arrested and charged with criminal contempt of court
(the largest civil disobedience action in Canadian history). The
court is still processing the blockaders and many have  gone  to
jail. There has been a major public outcry over the treatment of
the protesters.

In  November  of 1993 the government signed an interim agreement
with the Central Region Tribes who  claim  rights  to  Clayoquot
Sound. (The agreement is yet to be ratified.) The agreement gave
the  Aboriginal  people  a  right to veto logging decisions that
might threaten their values.
(BEN # 69  26-January-1994)

The brand new mycological society will meet for the  first  time
on  February  3,  1994,  at  7:30  p.m., at the Pacific Forestry
Centre, 506 West Burnside  Road,  Victoria.  Paul  Kroeger,  our
guest  from  the  Vancouver  Mycological Society, will present a
slide show. BEN readers may remember Paul's account of the  mass
mushroom poisoning of 77 Vancouver policemen [BEN # 29].

For more information phone Hannah Nadel at 544-1386.
(BEN # 69  26-January-1994)

The BOTANY BC 1994 meeting is tentatively scheduled for the week
of  June  20  to  25 in Tlell, Queen Charlotte Islands. For more
information contact 
Trudy Chatwin <>  or
Dr. Jim Pojar <>. 
Dr. Hans Roemer <> made a cost  estimate
and came to $600/person,  if you  bring your own tent, and about
$1100/person, if you go on a Post Meeting boat trip.
(BEN # 69  26-January-1994)
From: A. Ceska <>

I was interested to find out what is the original host plant  of
a weevil found on introduced Eurasian watermilfoil.

Sallie Sheldon <> wrote me:
"It  looks  like  the native host is Myriophyllum sibiricum = M.
exalbescens, Northern watermilfoil. We have seen E. lecontei  on
M. sibiricum in Vermont, and Rob Creed went to Alberta summer 92
and  looked  for  the weevil there (M. spicatum hasn't gotten to
Alberta yet). It is also possible that it  is  on  other  native
watermilfoils. The problem is that normally weevil densities are
low,  the  larvae are endophytic, and the adults are small, thus
it is not easy to find them."

Robert Creed <> wrote:
"We believe that the North American host of E. lecontei  is  one
or  more of the 'native' watermilfoils, i.e., the ones that were
here prior to the introduction of Eurasian watermilfoil. We have
collected it on M. sibiricum in Vermont, Alberta and  Washington
state.  Ray Newman has collected it in Minnesota. We have yet to
find it regularly on any other species. I have found two  adults
on  M.  alterniflorum  in  Vermont. I am skeptical of any native
host use in Vermont due to the abundance of M.  spicatum,  i.e.,
M.  spicatum  host  use  might influence subsequent use of other
milfoil species."

While looking for the weevil in the literature, I realized  that
the  correct  name  of the beetle is Eubrychiopsis lecontei. The
name was misspelled in the  Aquaphyte  and  the  Aquatic  Botany
title and in the BEN I twisted it even more.
(BEN # 69  26-January-1994)
From: bionet.plants

If you are interested in cacti and succulents, you can subscribe
to the CACTI_ETC list.
Send a message
  subscribe cacti_etc FirstName LastName to

Good luck !
(BEN # 69  26-January-1994)
From: FNA Newsletter Vol. 7, No. 4

We  are  delighted to announce the publication of Flora of North
America north of Mexico, Volume 1, Introduction  and  Volume  2,
Pteridophytes  and Gymnosperms. The list price of each volume is
US$75, but the special offer of US$60 may still be in effect.

To  order  write  Oxford  University  Press  (OUP),   Biological
Sciences  Marketing Department, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY
10016, or call 1-800-451-7556.

Canadians are encouraged to order through OPU,  Toronto  Branch,
70  Winford  Drive, Toronto, Ont. M3C 1J9, tel.: 800-387-8020 or
416-441-2941, ask for order department or FAX: 416-441-0345.
(BEN # 69  26-January-1994)

Dr.  Singer,  a member of the Field Museum staff for many years,
died in Chicago late Tuesday evening, 18 January 1994, of  heart
failure  at  age 87. Dr. Singer had a long and productive career
in mycology and published over 300  papers  and  several  books,
among  them  "Agaricales  in  Modern  Taxonomy"  (now in the 4th
(BEN # 70  14-February-1994)

The first meeting of Victoria's new mycological society held  on
February  3,  1994  brought  a  crowd of 56 people. Paul Kroeger
showed  slides  that  document  activities  of   the   Vancouver
Mycological Society. Ms. Hannah Nadel was elected the President.
Her  address  is:  7028 Bryrwood Court, R.R. # 2, Brentwood Bay,
B.C., V0S 1A0; phone  604-544-1386.  Annual  membership  fee  is
$15.00  for  adults (one membership applies for the whole family
or household), and $10 for students and seniors.

Next meeting will be on Thursday, March 3, 1994 and the  speaker
will be Dr. Scott Redhead.
(BEN # 70  14-February-1994)
From: Journal Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 118: 851-858. 1993

Neil  O.  Anderson  and  Peter  D.  Ascher demonstrated that the
cultivars of purple loosestrife are  highly  fertile,  producing
viable  seeds  and fertile progeny when crossed with wild purple
loosestrife populations, North American native  Lythrum  alatum,
or  other  cultivars.  Thus,  Lythrum cultivars grown in gardens
could serve as pollen or seed  sources,  thereby  promoting  the
continued  spread  of  purple loosestrife. While this has unfor-
tunate implications for the sale of loosestrife cultivars, it is
necessary that the nursery industry and gardeners  alike  become
environmentally  responsible  and  disavow  cultivation  of such

Anderson & Ascher propose that the assumptions of sterility have
been based largely on misinformation  or  a  lack  of  knowledge
regarding the reproductive system operating in Lythrum.

[Lythrum  salicaria is tristylous, i.e., plants differ in length
of their styles and anthers. Flowers on each plants have  either
a  short, medium, or long style and they have anthers of the two
complimentary lengths. E.g., flowers with short styles have only
medium and long anthers; flowers with medium  styles  have  only
short  and  long anthers, etc. Flowers of a certain style length
can be pollinated only by the pollen that  originated  from  an-
thers  of  the  same length, i.e., the pollen has to come from a
plant belonging to a different style morph. If you  grow  plants
of only one style length, they may appear sterile.]
(BEN # 70  14-February-1994)

Don't  believe  the English proverb that you don't get something
for nothing, gophers will prove you wrong. There is a wealth  of
the  most  useful  information on the computer network and it is
relatively easy to get what you want.

If you want to search the Gray Herbarium Index, you find  it  at
the  Harvard  University  gopher.  My gopher exploration usually
starts there. Type


and you will get the Gray Herbarium Index, herbarium  catalogues
of  type  specimens (in HUH - Harvard University Herbaria and in
other locations). Through this gopher I  can  get  connected  to
other  gophers,  and  the  Australian  National Botanical Garden
gopher is the most complete botanical gopher I know.

For bryological information (lists of mosses and liverworts  for
certain  parts  of  the world, bryological news, taxonomical and
ecological software, etc.) go to


For general information, religious books, world gazetteers, type


You can find Una Smith's Internet Guide for biologists here.

If you are interested in environmental information,  go  to  En-
viroGopher; type


(login: gopher when you are connected).

Gophers  are  easy  to use. VERONICA is an extension to gophers,
and you can use it to search for  whatever  topics  through  the
whole  gopherspace.  You  can  get  the VERONICA search from any
gopher you enter.

You don't have to know, how the gopher works,  but  if  you  are
interested, read either of the following books:

Krol,  Ed. 1992. The whole Internet: User's guide and catalogue.
      O'Reilley & Associates, Sebastopol, California.

Fisher, Sharon. 1993. Riding the Internet  highway.  New  Riders
      Publishing, Carmel, Indiana.

If you get lost in the gopherspace, my internet guru Gary Shear-
man  told  me  that you can get the internet address of a gopher
you are in by typing "=" (without apostrophes). I tried  it  and
it  works.  By  using this internet address, you can get back to
the same gopher without going and searching through the maze  of
other gophers.

There  is  a  Czech  proverb  that  says: "It is foolish to give
something for nothing, but it is even more foolish not  to  take
it." Remember, you would be foolish not to use gophers!
(BEN # 70  14-February-1994)
From: Adolf Ceska <>

"The  rare  vascular plants of British Columbia" (Straley, G. B.
et al. 1985. - Syllogeus  59:  1-165)  is  available  on  gopher . The data are WAIS searchable, i.e., you
can  search for the plant name (no common names, though), or for
any words mentioned in the text (e.g., Victoria, Nanaimo, etc.).
The file will be expanded  soon  to  contain  Conservation  Data
Centre  rarity  ratings. Synonyms will be included to facilitate
the search  of  problematic  names  or  disputable  orthographic
variants.  Thanks  to  Bob Scheer, B.C. Ministry of Environment,
Kamloops Region, for getting the information from Straley et al.
onto the computer.
(BEN # 70  14-February-1994)

McJannet, Cheryl, G. Argus, Sylvia Edlund & J. Cayouette.  1993.
Rare  vascular  plants in the Canadian Arctic. Syllogeus No. 72:
1-79. ISBN 0-660-13071-8 [paperback] Cost: about CDN $ 15.00

This publication can be ordered  from  the  Canadian  Museum  of
Nature,  P.O.Box 3443, Station "D", Ottawa, Ont. Canada K1P 6P4,
phone 800-263-4433.

About 235 vascular plants listed as rare in the Canadian  Arctic
have  been included in this publication. The map of distribution
in the Canadian Arctic and few phytogeographical data are  given
for each species.
(BEN # 70  14-February-1994)

The  annual meeting of the AAAS in San Francisco, February 1994,
proposed a bold program "Systematics Agenda 2000:  Charting  the
Biosphere."  The objective of this action would be "to discover,
describe, and classify the world's species."

Meeting the challenges of the biodiversity crisis  and  success-
fully  completing this agenda will require an intensive interna-
tional effort, involving three related research missions:

 1. To discover, describe, and inventory global  species  diver-

 2. To  analyze and synthesize the information derived from this
    global diversity effort  into  a  predictive  classification
    system that reflect the history of life.

 3. To  organize  the information from this global program in an
    efficiently retrievable form that best meets  the  needs  of
    science and society.

The  program was summarized in two documents: "Systematic Agenda
2000, Charting  the  Biosphere"  and  "Systematic  Agenda  2000,
Charting the  Biosphere - Technical Report." For these
and more information please contact:

      Department of Ornithology
      American Museum of Natural History
      Central Park West at 79th Street
      New York, NY 10024
      New York Botanical Gardens
      Bronx, NY 10458

Two audio tapes from the AAAS 94 Meeting, Symposium on "Charting
the Biosphere: The  systematic  Science  Agenda"  are  available
(catalogue number S45) from

      Nationwide recording services, Inc.
      8500 N. Stemmons, Suite 3060
      Dallas, TX 75247                 Phone: 214-638-8273

The  tapes  are excellent, cost US$ 8.50 each, but are available
only until the middle of March !
(BEN # 71  7-March-1994)
From: Frank Lomer c/o Olivia Lee <>

Eragrostis is a large genus (250-300 spp.) of  mostly  temperate
and  tropical  grasses.  (Does  anyone  know how it got the name
LOVEGRASS ?) In British Columbia  our  species  are  all  annual
weeds  found  mainly along railroad tracks, roadsides, and waste
places. They mature in late summer and often there is no sign of
them at all until mid-July.

Genus Eragrostis is a relatively recent  introduction  to  B.C.,
but  the  5 or 6 known species are collectively widespread. Most
specimens here at the UBC herbarium have been  on  loan  to  the
Smithsonian  since  February 1989, so the following list is com-
piled entirely from my own collections and observations.

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Mosher  -  A  rare  casual  around
      Vancouver  in  gardens and waste areas. Much more abundant
      around Penticton and Osoyoos.

Eragrostis minor Host. (= E. poaeoides Beauv.)  -  Much  like  a
      smaller  version  of  the preceding. It is by far the most
      abundant member of the genus in B.C. Look around  gravelly
      railroad access roads in any southern B.C. town in October
      and you will likely find this species.

Eragrostis  multicaulis  Steud.  -  Locally abundant around Van-
      couver, especially New Westminster,  where  it  frequently
      grows  in  gaps  between  the road and sidewalk as well as
      covering small areas along railroad tracks.
      (Earlier I labeled all my collections E.  pilosa  which  I
      have  not  yet  found  in  British Columbia. The specimens
      labeled E. pilosa at UBC seem a mixture of E.  pilosa,  E.
      pectinacea,  and  E. multicaulis. I am not yet sure of any
      reliable means to tell them apart  except  E.  multicaulis
      seems mainly to lack hairs on the sheath margins.)

Eragrostis  orcuttiana  Vasey - Distinctive because of its large
      size (up to one meter) and spreading panicle. It grows  in
      sandy  ground in the CN yard in Surrey. A field in Kelowna
      was covered with it. I also collected a few  plants  on  a
      vacant lot in Vernon.

Eragrostis  pectinacea  (Michx.)  Nees  -  Distinguished from E.
      multicaulis by minute differences in the size  of  various
      parts. It grows along roadsides in Osoyoos. I also found a
      few plants in Coquitlam.

Eragrostis  diffusa  Buckl.  -  Perhaps should be included in E.
      pectinacea, but it is much more branched and  generally  a
      larger  plant  and  seems quite distinct. Many plants were
      growing at the end of the east dyke road at the north  end
      of Osoyoos Lake in the Ecological Reserve.

If  anyone knows of any other Eragrostis species in B.C., please
let me know in BEN.
(BEN # 71  7-March-1994)
From: Paul Peterson, Botany Dept., Smithsonian Institution

E. orcuttiana Vasey is treated by Koch and Sanchez  1985  as  E.
      mexicana (See Phytologia 58:377-381). I have not seen this
      species from BC, although it could be there.

E.  multicaulis  Steud.  is  treated  by Koch 1974 as E. pilosa.
      However in a recent  paper  by  Scholz  1988,  Willdenowia
      18:217-222.  it  is treated as a good species from the Far
Eros is Greek for love and Agrostis is Greek  for  grass.  "Love
grass" said to be an illusion to the graceful dancing spikelets-
-see Bor 1968, Flora of Iraq, Gramineae.
I  still  would  like  to see a specimen of these two species to
include in "Vascular plants of British Columbia." Cheers!
(BEN # 71  7-March-1994)
From: Kathy Bilton <>

In another BEN - you might also suggest  that  folks  use  book-
marks.  I had known that this was possible - but didn't know how
to set them up. Just learned the other day - and it's very easy.
When you're at an entry you like -  type:  a  (lower  case)  and
you'll  be  asked  if you want that to be added to your bookmark
list. To call up your bookmark list when you're in gopherspace -
just type: v (and possibly hit enter - I'm not sure) and  you'll
be  presented  with  your  very own personal gopherpage of book-
marks. [If you want to delete a bookmark, type d when you are in
your bookmark list.]

[This feature won't, unfortunately,  work  from  those  accounts
that  don't  allow  you to save your own files to the disk, e.g.
FreeNet.Victoria; if you are not sure, give it a try anyway.]

[P.S. There are about 15 chapters of instructions,  how  to  use
gophers  on  gopher  You won't have too
much difficulty finding them.]
(BEN # 71  7-March-1994)
From: Adolf Ceska <>

The Vancouver Island Rock and Alpine Garden Society (VIRAGS)  in
Victoria  is organizing a botanical trip to the Taurus Mountains
in July 1994. The leader of the  trip,  Zdenek  Zvolanek,  is  a
leading  Czech  rock  gardener  and  seed  collector, and he has
visited this area several times. There are two identical  tours.
One  leaves  Istambul on July 2, 1994 and returns to Istambul on
July 16. The second tour leaves on July 16 and  return  on  July
30.  There  is one spot left on the first tour, and two spots on
the second tour. (The BEN editor Adolf Ceska and a BC Ecological
Reserve botanist Hans Roemer are going with the  second  group.)
The  cost  of  the trip from Istambul to Istambul (this includes
the accommodation, almost all meals, and the  transportation  in
Turkey  - you have to get to and from Istambul on your own) will
be around US$ 500.00. With this price, nobody can consider  this
note  an  unethical  advertisement;  we  are  trying to fill the
remaining spaces with botanically oriented people.  If  you  are
interested,  send me an e-mail message or give me a call at 604-
387-2423 (day) or 604-477-1211 (night).
(BEN # 71  7-March-1994)

March  17,  1994 [Thursday] - Dr. Harriet Cuhlein will present a
      lecture on "Traditional foods of indigenous  people's  and
      endangered  heritage." Newcombe Auditorium, 8:00 p.m. FREE
March  20,  1994  [Sunday]  -  SVIMS  (South  Vancouver   Island
      Mycological Society) field trip with Bruce Norris. Meet at
      11:00 a.m. in the Mill Bay mall - Royal Bank.
March  22,  1994  [Tuesday] - Royal British Columbia Museum. Dr.
      Adolf Ceska will make a  video  presentation  "Palaverer's
      diary  or  How to make money with your video camera." Noon
      hour, 12:30 - 1:30 p.m., Classroom. No charge.
March 27, 1994 [Sunday] - Royal British Columbia Museum, Weekend
      Showcase: "Native Plant Festival."  10  a.m.  to  4  p.m.,
      Friends' Gallery. Admission fee.
(BEN # 72  16-March-1994)
From: Times-Colonist, March 8, 1994, page A5

On  February  9,  The  Commission  on  Resources and Environment
(CORE) recommended a Vancouver  Island  Land  Use  Plan  to  the
British  Columbia  government,  following  a year of negotiation
among all key sectors of interest on  the  Island.  The  Commis-
sioner  of  CORE,  Stephen  Owen, answered some frequently-asked

Does the plan protect too much or too little of the Island?

"Some people claim that, by recommending protected status for 13
per cent of Island, the plan exceeds the 12 per cent  target  of
the  government Protected Areas Strategy (PAS). Others feel that
the 7.8 per cent of low and middle elevation forested ecosystems
protected by the plan is far too low."

"At the present time 10.3 per cent of the Island is included  in
Protected  Areas  (parks,  ecological  reserves and recreational
areas) with some types of ecosystems being well represented  and
others  poorly  represented.  Under the plan, 13 per cent of the
Island would be protected."

Does the plan meet the goals of the Protected Area Strategy?

"On Vancouver Island, representation of some types of land, such
as alpine and bog ecosystems, already exceeds the  12  per  cent
target.  However, only about 6 per cent of middle and low eleva-
tion forests are currently protected."

"The plan increases the representation of low  to  mid-elevation
ecosystems  from  6  per cent to 7.8 per cent. This figure falls
short of the 12 per cent target."

What impact will the plan have on jobs ?

"During the last 10 years,  the  forest  industry  on  Vancouver
Island  has  lost thousands of jobs, mainly as a result of tech-
nology that requires fewer workers  for  timber  harvesting  and
processing operations. ... The timber on the island is being cut
significantly  in  excess  of  sustainable  levels. By promoting
diversification ... the plan offers an opportunity ... to create
more permanent jobs and to protect against short-term job loss."

From: Times-Colonist March 15, 1994

Liberal Opposition Leader Gordon Campbell  said  the  government
shouldn't proceed at all with the CORE report.
"CORE  has  been  a process that has polarized people to the ex-
treme, people's families feel threatened ... and there has  been
no coming together of the common interests of people."

[A  huge demonstration of loggers from all over Vancouver Island
will take place in Victoria on March 21.]
(BEN # 72  16-March-1994)

Field crew and crew leader positions  are  available  to  assist
with ecological studies of the effects of alternative methods of
forest  harvest  in  the  Gifford  Pinchot  and  Umpqua National
Forests of Washington and  Oregon.  Tasks  will  include  estab-
lishing permanent plots, sampling understory vegetation, measur-
ing   trees,   assessing   site   characteristics,   quantifying
amounts/types of coarse woody debris,  and  additional  measure-
ments to characterize vegetation composition and structure.

Familiarity  with  the  flora  of western Oregon and Washington;
previous experience in  sampling  vegetation  or  coursework  in
botany   and   ecology;   ability   to   identify   plants   and
collect/catalog  specimens;  attention  to  detail  and  legible
handwriting;  ability  and  willingness to work long hours under
harsh field conditions.

Salary: $1400/month or more, depending experience and qualifica-
Duration: 13 June through early- to mid-September 1994
Closing date: 31 March 1994
To apply: Send handwritten  letter;  resume;  copies  of  either
college transcripts or professional work products; and names and
phone numbers of two references to:
Charlie Halpern, Division of Ecosystem Science and Conservation,
College  of  Forest  Resources, AR-10, University of Washington,
Seattle, WA 98195; phone: 206-543-2789 .
(BEN # 72  16-March-1994)
From: Cowichan Valley Naturalist's Soc. Newsletter, March 1994

February 16th, 1994 Council unanimously approved the rezoning of
the Timbercrest property. This means  two  portions  will  begin
immediate  construction  and  will have Single Family Dwellings.
Two other portions have a  maximum  build  out  density  of  113
units. This density includes Townhouses.

The  area  remaining  has a no-build covenant for 2 years and is
6.9 hectars in size. The Environmental  Assessment  states  that
9.4  hectares  is  necessary for preservation of the Garry Oaks.
The scientific evidence  and  the  results  of  the  study  have
clearly  been  ignored  by this council. Council has no plans to
manage the Parks area nor the no-build area.

[From BEN # 36 : An interesting Garry oak site in  Duncan  (Van-
couver  Island) is threatened by a near-by subdivision. Although
the stand bears signs of heavy grazing (dominant ground cover is
orchard grass - Dactylis glomerata),  it  has  some  interesting
native  plants,  such  as  a  large  population of upland yellow
violet (Viola praemorsa). On the transition between  the  forest
edge  and  wetlands  we found a large population of tall woolly-
heads (Psilocarphus elatior - the 3rd extant population in  B.C.
I  know)  and  a  smaller  population  of needle-leaf navarretia
(Navarretia intertexta -  less  than  10  populations  known  in
(BEN # 72  16-March-1994)
From: Nature Vol. 367, 17 February 1994

The total synthesis of taxol has been accomplished by the scien-
tists  from  the  Department  of Chemistry, The Scripps Research
Institute, and from the Department of Chemistry,  University  of
California in San Diego.
(BEN # 72  16-March-1994)
From: "Gail M. Berg" <>

A  whitewater  rafting  company  was  taken  to court in Golden,
British Columbia. Gail Berg was  subpoenaed  to  appear  as  the
Crown's  main  witness  regarding  the  Columbia River Raft trip
organized for the 1993 BOTANY BC meeting. She was cross examined
by Crown counsel and the defendant, Brad McLaren  from  Wet  and
Wild  Adventures.  The  issue  was  whether  or not Wet and Wild
Adventures was permitted to  run  raft  tours  on  the  Columbia
river.  It  turns  out that the company only has permits for the
Kicking Horse and the Blaeberry rivers. Even though one  of  the
guides  on  the expedition was licensed for the Columbia, it was
considered invalid because all arrangements were made with  Brad
Mclaren  and  the  money was also paid to him. He was ordered to
pay the $150.00 fine  that  was  originally  assessed  in  June.
Apparently one of the companies that was not hired by Gail to do
the  trip became annoyed and made an anonymous phone call to the
CO officer in Golden to complain, which resulted  in  the  fine.
The  moral of the story is that if you are organizing tours that
involve transportation of some sort ensure that the operator has
the required  permits,  licences,  insurance,  etc.  to  operate
otherwise the organizing party (in this case BOTANY BC) would be
liable in a court case.
(BEN # 73  1-April-1994)
From: Flora of North America, Vol. 1, p. 124.

In  the review of North American vegetation, Michael Barbour and
Norman Christensen found the British Columbia vegetation far too
complex to include it in their review. They wrote:  "This  brief
summary  does  not  do justice to the complexities of vegetation
within British Columbia. A fine vegetation map, at  a  scale  of
1:2 million, identifies a dozen montane biogoeclimatic zones; we
have  mentioned  but a few (British Columbia Ministry of Forests
(BEN # 73  1-April-1994)
From: (Name withheld by request)
      Newsgroups: bionet.mycology

State   of   Alaska   needs   a   mold   expert.   May   involve
Contact- J. Ron Sutcliffe , Assistant Attorney General
(BEN # 73  1-April-1994)
From: Times-Colonist, Victoria - March 22, 1994, p. B3

Marijuana  plantations  could  soon  be  legal  under a proposed
[Canadian] federal law. Growing hemp - also known as cannabis  -
would  be kosher for commercial purposes like the manufacture of
rope and paper. Licences would be issued to commercial  growers,
the federal Health Department said.

University  of  British  Columbia botanist Bruce Bohm said it is
quite easy to gauge THC ["the psychotropic ingredient that  gets
pot-smokers high"] levels in hemp. "The difference in concentra-
tion   between  the  fibre  plants  and  hemp  plants  is  quite
remarkable," he said.

Activists on Vancouver Island and elsewhere in the country  have
been  pushing  for permission to grow hemp as a commercial crop.
"Vancouver Island would be an ideal place for  it,"  Bruce  Bohm
told the reporters. Bohm said some of his colleagues have made a
sideline career of identifying pot plants in court for the Royal
Canadian Mounted Police.

New  Democrat  MP Nelson Riis said the party members have second
thoughts because of the potent strains of marijuana  now  avail-
able. More public education is needed about the bill or it might
be  interpreted as an open invitation to grow marijuana, he told
Ottawa reporters.
(BEN # 73  1-April-1994)
From: Bohumil Hrabal: "The Little Town Where Time Stood Still."

[A strange case of poisoning with edible mushrooms, after a long
conditioning to inedible and poisonous mushrooms, was  described
by  Bohumil  Hrabal from the Czech Republic. The fierce competi-
tion among mushroom pickers in Bohemian forests forced  Hrabal's
Dad  and  Uncle  Pepin  to  start  collecting  both inedible and
suspect fungi and toadstools.]

"Dad took with him a saucepan and a pat of  butter  and  he  and
Uncle  Pepin  began to practise some experimental mycology. This
way they always had fungi almost from the late spring up to  the
end  of  autumn.  They  started by picking grey tall amanita and
bunches of sulphur tuft, they kindled a fire, softened onion  in
butter,  and  added a pinch of common earthball and panther cap.
Dad handed the fried concoction of fungi to Uncle  Pepin  first,
waited  half  an  hour  ...  and  since Uncle wasn't hearing any
ringing sounds,  ...  Dad  ate  some  of  the  mixture  too  and
pronounced it quite excellent."

"Once however they stayed in the woods for whole five hours, Dad
had  added  a  bit more earthball or truffle, and their legs had
gone numb. Uncle Pepin rejoiced that he wouldn't  ever  have  to
walk  again,  but  a  couple of hour later Uncle Pepin was to be
disappointed. The strength returned to their limbs and they  got
to the station and returned safely home."

"And  one day they [found a red patch] and filled a basket piled
high with beautiful orange birch boletuses. And so  it  happened
that same evening, when Mum for the first time in ages cooked up
those  classic edible mushrooms, all three of them were horribly
sick and Uncle Pepin had fainting fits and diarrhea, and then he
got a dreadful thirst and vomited again, and this  was  followed
by a dull headache, cramps in the calves and intermittent double
vision  as  well  as continuous ringing sounds in the ears. When
they took them all off to hospital, the consultant  said  they'd
all  been  poisoned  by  edible  fungi, the last person that had
happened to was Professor Smotlach [sic !] himself, found  in  a
deep coma after partaking of edible mushrooms."

[Czech  Professor  Smotlacha  was  known  for his bold edibility
experiments. After he promoted Amanita pantherina as  an  excel-
lent  edible  mushroom, Czechoslovakia became a country with the
highest incidents of deadly mushroom poisonings, leaving  Canada
in  the  second  place.  After  the (otherwise natural) death of
Professor Smotlacha, his wife confessed to her  colleagues  that
she  always  threw away those really poisonous mushrooms, before
she cooked her husband's experimental meals. - AC]
(BEN # 73  1-April-1994)
From: Archaeology, March/April 1994

Three specialists on contraception and abortion  issues  in  the
Ancient  and  Medieval World described plants used as contracep-
tives in Ancient Greece and in the Middle Ages. The main  atten-
tion  is  paid to the so-called "Cyrenaic juice." This juice was
derived from the now extinct silphium and it was used by the Old
Greeks and Romans to prevent unwanted conception.

Silphium belonged to the genus  Ferula  [Uphof's  Dictionary  of
Economical  Plants  lists  Ferula narthex Boiss. as "Silphium of
the Ancients"]. The plant grew in a band about  125  miles  long
and  35 miles wide on the North African dry mountainsides facing
the Mediterranean Sea. By the first century A.D., it was  scarce
from  overharvesting  and  by  the  third or fourth century A.D.
silphium was extinct.

The article gives  a  picture  of  "a  sixth-fifth-century  B.C.
Cyrenian coin with an image of the silphium plant." It is inter-
esting  to  note that the more conservative "British Museum Book
of Flowers" shows a very similar coin from Selenius, Sicily, and
identifies the plant as celery.
(BEN # 73  1-April-1994)

Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A  synonymized  checklist  of  the  vascular
flora  of  the  United  States,  Canada  and Greenland. - Second
edition. Volume I: Checklist, 622 p.; Volume II: Thesaurus,  816
p.  -  Timber  Press,  Portland,  Oregon.  IBSN 0-88192-204-8 (2
volumes, hard cover). Price: US$ 149.95.

We all have been waiting for the second edition of the  "Kartesz
& Kartesz," the reference one had to have on hand almost all the
time.  For  the  last  few  years  the Timber Press has kept an-
nouncing the second edition and  numerous  nomenclatural  papers
published  by  Kartesz  et al. in Phytologia and elsewhere indi-
cated that the work on the book was still in progress.

The book was finally published in February 1994, in two  massive
volumes.  The  first  volume  contains the checklist and its ar-
rangement is similar to the first edition: it  contains  an  al-
phabetical listings of species and infraspecific taxa (and their
respective  synonyms)  within  genera  and  families. The second
volume lists all the names alphabetically and  for  synonyms  it
gives   their   accepted  valid  names.  If  you  look  for  the
authorities of the names (and this  is  what  we  used  the  old
"Kartesz  &  Kartesz" for), the second volume is enough and your
searches can be accomplished much faster than when you used  the
first  edition.  You need, however, the first volume, because it
gives you the overview of the generic and  species  concept  ac-
cepted by the author, but there is no doubt that the second (and
unfortunately  also  heavier)  volume  will be subject to faster

The book is type set using a nice  distinct  and  very  readable
font.  It  is a reference you will love to have and when you get
it, you will soon forget that you paid a small fortune  for  it.
My  feeling is, however, that this is the last book of this kind
to be published in this old fashioned way, and it is an  epitaph
to  the  traditional  "hard  copy"  publishing. With our not too
stable nomenclature the only way you can update your copy is  to
pencil  the changes in it. The introduction of the book promises
yet another edition which  would  include  basionyms  and  basic
bibliographic citations for each name. I cannot imagine that the
next edition will be published in the same way.

This  book  just  cries  for electronic publishing! The original
data file is stored at the sophisticated data base system in the
Biota of North American Program office, and I  have  to  wonder,
why  the author did not go directly to the CD-ROM publishing. It
would have been cheaper, faster and more  flexible.  What  about
putting it on a gopher?

Meanwhile,  you can, have to and should (if you have any doubts)
order the book from the publisher, Timber Press  Ltd.,  9999  SW
Wilshire, Portland, OR 97225, U.S.A., phone 800-327-5680 or 503-
292-0745 (from OR an outside US).
(BEN # 73  1-April-1994)
From: ASPT Newsletter, April 1994

The  untimely  death  on  5  March 1994 of Professor Melinda Fay
Denton (1944-1994) from an unrelenting cancer saddens  all  whom
she  touched.  Her  demise is particularly poignant for her col-
leagues in the American Society  of  Plant  Taxonomists  (ASPT),
which  Society she served with distinction as Editor-in-Chief of
Systematic Botany (1984-1985) and as  President  (1990-1991).  A
celebration  of  her  rich  and  productive life will be held 30
April 1994 (11:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.) at  the  Center  for  Urban
Horticulture,   University  of  Washington,  Seattle,  WA,  USA.
Memorial gifts can be made to the Melinda Denton Fund in support
of student research in systematics; made payable to the  Univer-
sity  of  Washington  and  sent  to  Department of Botany KB-15,
University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. A full reprise
of her botanical career  will  appear  in  a  future  number  of
Taxon._Arthur  R.  Kruckeberg, Professor Emeritus, Department of
Botany KB-15, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Melinda Denton had a long association with  and  involvement  in
the activities of the ASPT. In 1978 she won the Cooley Award for
her  paper entitled "Endemism and evolutionary divergence in the
Sedum section Gormania complex (Crassulaceae)". She also  served
as  ASPT Secretary (1978-1979), ASPT Council Member (1981-1983),
Editor-in-Chief of Systematic Botany (1984-1985), ASPT President
Elect (1990), ASPT President (1991),  and  ASPT  Past  President
(1992).  Behind  the  scenes  she  poured her energy into other,
equally important activities such as  co-chairing  the  steering
committee for "Systematics Agenda 2000. Charting the Biosphere."
All  of  us are indebted to her for her many, generous contribu-
tions to our Society._Editor of the ASPT Newsletter.
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)

A Special Public Presentation will be held  as  a  part  of  the
Conference  in the University Centre Auditorium, Wednesday April
27, from 8:30 to 5:30 (NO BREAK FOR LUNCH !!!). Tickets for this
marathon of 30 minilectures cost $ 10.00 and  are  available  at
door.  The presentation will offer a wide array of topics on the
impact of UV radiation on human health,  terrestrial  biosphere,
aquatic system, forests, climate, etc.
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)

The  registration  forms  for  the BOTANY BC annual meeting have
been sent out and the deadline for registration is May  12.  The
program  of  the  meeting includes one morning of lectures and a
grand field trip (June 23-25) to Skidegate Narrows (and beyond).
The registration fee $ 125.00 includes many  meals  &  on-island
transportation,  the  field trip fee is $ 150.00 (transportation
and meals included), but the numbers for the field trip may have
to be limited: REGISTER EARLY.

For more information contact Rosamund Pojar, Box 3089, Smithers,
B.C., VOJ 2N0 (phone: 847-9784) or
Jim Pojar <>.
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)
From: N.J. Hewitt & Bristol Foster - Time-Colonist, Apr 3, 1994

The large logging companies' anti-CORE rally  March  21  on  the
legislative  lawns [in Victoria] had its theme, "12 per cent, no
more." This referred, we presume, to the minimum of 12 per  cent
of  natural  areas  needed for protection in each country in the
world, as promoted by the Brundtland Commission and by  the  WWF
and  now  accepted  by the [Canadian] federal and all provincial

Indeed, many environmentalists would be quite relieved if 12 per
cent of low and mid-elevation  ancient  (old-growth)  forest  on
Vancouver Island was protected. In fact only 4.4 per cent is now
protected,  with another 1.4 per cent proposed for protection in
the CORE report.

If we are going to protect 12 per  cent  of  all  representative
ecosystems  (as  intended  in  the  government's Protected Areas
Strategy),  then  some  alpine  and  sub-alpine  should  be  de-
gazetted,  to raise the amount of protected ancient forest to 12
per cent. Would this please the forest companies? it is  consis-
tent with their demand: "12 per cent, no more."

Less  than  6  per  cent of Vancouver Island's ancient forest is
protected or proposed for protection. This  is  insufficient  to
protect the biodiversity of this particularly rich ecosystem.

To  assure  future  generations of a healthy forest resource, we
need to adhere to world standards protecting a minimum of 12 per
cent of our ancient forests.
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)
From: Brian Compton <>

I am seeking to  obtain  viable  seeds  (or  other  reproductive
materials)  for  several  plants  used  as  food  by B.C. Native
groups. These are to be cultivated  experimentally  at  the  UBC
Botanical Garden in conjunction with ethnobiological initiatives
put  forth  by  the  First  Nations House of Learning at UBC. If
anyone can supply native food plant seeds I would like  to  hear
from you:

Allium  spp.  (e.g.,  A. cernuum), Balsamorhiza sagitatta, Calo-
chortus macrocarpus, Camassia spp., Claytonia  lanceolata,  Cir-
sium  undulatum,  Conioselinum  pacificum,  Erythronium  grandi-
florum, Fragaria spp., Fritillaria spp. (including  F.  pudica),
Hydrophyllum  capitatum,  Ledum  glandulosum,  Lewisia rediviva,
Lilium columbianum, Lomatium spp. (esp. L. macrocarpum, but just
about any other sp. as well), Lupinus littoralis, L.  nootkaten-
sis,  Mentha arvensis, Potentilla anserina, Potentilla pacifica,
Rubus pedatus, Rumex occidentalis,  Sium  suave,  and  Trifolium
wormskjoldii;  also, any of the less commonly encountered Vacci-
nium spp. or Rubus spp.

Brian D. Compton
Ethnobiological Program Developer
First Nations House of Learning
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)
From: Marty Kranabetter <>

I am interested in information  concerning  the  use  of  native
plants  in  forest reclamation. Sedges, grasses, legumes, shrubs
or other plants which colonize  disturbed  soil  would  be  good
candidates.  Also,  any  information  concerning  the biological
advantages of native plants  over  agronomic  species  would  be
useful. My phone number is 604-565-6134.

[Check the following report:
Polster,  D.F.  1989.  Manual  of  plant species suitability for
reclamation in Alberta. 2nd edition. Prepared  for  the  Alberta
Land Conservation and Reclamation Council by Hardy B.B.T. Ltd.]
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)

Jim  Pojar  sent me a copy of the correspondence he had with the
co-author of the FNA vegetation  chapter  Michael  Barbour.  The
exchange  started  with  Jim's  caustic  comments  on the "North
American Terrestrial Vegetation" in which Jim  objected  to  the
lack  of  the "Canadian content." As a result, Dr. Barbour asked
Jim to review the FNA vegetation chapter and Jim  made  comments
to  those  parts that were written by Dr. Barbour and that dealt
mostly with the vegetation in the U.S.A. Jim  did  not  get  any
manuscript  from  Dr. Norm Christensen (Duke University, Durham,
North Carolina) who was responsible for the parts of the chapter
that dealt with Canada. It is a pity that no Canadian  ecologist
was invited to collaborate on the FNA vegetation chapter. - AC
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)
From: Dr. Mary Barkworth <STIPOID@CC.USU.EDU>

Prices in Canada must sure be strange. We can find the money for
the book version of Kartesz' checklist, but we do not have a CD-
ROM reader, I am not sure when we shall be able to  afford  one,
and  it is MUCH easier to look something up in the books than it
would be to get the right CD-ROM  on  the  appropriate  computer
(which  we do not have) and then make the search. Les Watson had
a similar attitude to  yours  concerning  grass  genera  of  the
world. Our copy of that volume is almost worn out. I can take it
home  and use it if I want to. .... I would rather have 5 floras
than 1 CD-ROM that would get occasional use.

The reader is  on  our  wish  list,  for  Watson  and  Dallwitz'
families  of  flowering  plants  and  the  Kew Index. But I find
myself  thinking  of  smaller  institutions,  like  Boise  State
University,  and  of  the  number of institutions in the US that
have eliminated staff positions.

The title was more negative than the  actual  review.  ...  John
Strother  told  me  that  he uses 3x5 index cards and can nearly
always locate information faster than people who computerize.  I
believe him, but I hate 3x5 cards.
(BEN # 74  19-April-1994)