a bulletin on global warming and the Third World

issue 7  January 1993

published by the International Institute for
Environment and Development (London, UK) and the
University of East Anglia (Norwich, UK) with support
from the Swedish International Development Authority in
association with the Stockholm Environment Institute

editorial office:  TIEMPO, c/o Mick Kelly, School of
Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia,
Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK (email gn:crunorwich)


Television increasingly provides an accessible and
effective means of communication and education for much
of the world's population. In response to a number of
requests for information on documentaries and other
educational resources covering global warming and
related issues, the following pages contain a selected
listing of recent films and their distributors. The
listing is largely drawn from a database of environment
and development documentaries maintained by the
Television Trust for the Environment as part of their
Moving Pictures project.

The Television Trust for the Environment (TVE) is a
non-profit organization established in 1984 by the
United Nations Environment Programme and Central
Television in order to promote environment and
development issues around the world through broadcast
television and radio. It has co-produced over 100
films, assists Third World filmmakers to make their own
films on regional environmental issues and acts as a
distributor for many more documentaries. A number of
these programmes are available free of charge to NGOs
and broadcasters in developing countries. Moving
Pictures Bulletin, a quarterly publication from TVE,
contains a listing of recent documentaries and updates
on new productions, as well as educational articles on
featured topics. The magazine is available in English,
Italian (Tam Tam Video News) and French (Les Cahiers du
Futur). See page 25 for contact addresses. 


The documentary is set in the year 2050, from whence a
 virtual reality generator  is used to track the
history of humanity's response to climate change
including an account of the impact of global warming
over the period 1990-2050 and society's reaction to the
threat. The film uses a science fiction framework to
convey, in a graphic and accessible fashion, the issues
behind climate change. A teacher's pack is available.

Language: English; Length: 2*60'; Origin: UK;
Production Company: Principal Film Company in
association with Maryland Public Television, Wiseman,
Film Australia and Electric Image; Producer: Richard
Sattin; Director: Mike Slee; Distributor: Film
Australia, Eton Rd, Lindfield, NSW 2070, Australia.


Uses striking state-of-the-art visuals and computer
graphics to present a sophisticated account of global
warming in a form guaranteed to keep an audience
watching, alternating a traditional documentary
approach with a wise-cracking, at times irreverent,
tone. Covers the causes of climate change, potential
effects, response options and the reaction of the
international community, including North-South issues.
A shorter version for schools is also available.

Language: English; Length: 52'; Origin: UK; Production
Company: Central TV with Better World Society and TVE;
Producer/Director: Lawrence Moore; Associate Producer:
Robbie Stamp; Distributor: TVE Distribution and
Training Centre, Postbus 7, 3700 AA Zeist, The


This series of films examines the interaction of
climate and human development throughout history and
the possibility that humanity may now be altering
global climate. Considers the mechanics of the climate
system and climate history, the influence of weather
and climate on events such as the French Revolution and
surveys the past impact of humanity on the environment.

Language: English; Length: 3*50'; Origin: UK;
Production Company: Vision Group for London Weekend
Television (LWT); Executive Producer: Jerome Kuehl;
Producer/Director: Mark Redhead; Distributor: LWT,
South Bank Television Centre, London SE1, UK.


Examines the cost to the planet of the vicious
North-South cycle of debt and unsustainable
development. Nature is now taking its revenge but there
are examples of how sustainable development might be
achieved by greater cooperation between North and

Language: English; Length: 12'; Produced for: UNEP;
Distributor: TVE Distribution and Training Centre,
Postbus 7, 3700 AA Zeist, The Netherlands.


Spells out the causes and effects of climate change and
looks at what can be done to control the problem,
covering energy efficiency, the automobile, renewable
energy, deforestation and the need for export subsidies
to assist the transfer of fuel-saving devices to the
Third World.

Language: English; Length: 52'; Origin: USA; Production
Company: Monitor Television and Taurus Film;
Producer/Director: Tom Cheatham; Distributor: Monitor
Channel, 1660 Soldiers Field Road, Boston, MA 02135,


Overall scientific costs and impacts of the greenhouse
effect are explained through graphic sequences shot in
vulnerable locations. Environmentally benign
technologies such as biogas technology, wind farms and
solar ponds are highlighted. Views of leading
scientists and thinkers are also included.

Language: English; Length: 21'; Origin: India;
Production Company: Tata Energy Research Institute
(TERI); Producer/ Director: Sagari Chabra; Distributor:
TERI, 9 Jor Bagh, New Delhi 110 003, India.


Describes attempts to suppress findings on climate
change in order to reduce pressure for emission control
and argues that, far from costing billions, emission
control would actually save money.

Language: English; Length: 30'; Origin: USA; Production
Company: Hardy Jones and Julia Whitty;
Producers/Directors: Hardy Jones and Julia Whitty;
Distributor: Devillier Donegan Enterprises, 1608 New
Hampshire Ave NW, Washington DC 20009, USA.


Based on UNEP's State of the Environment reports, the
film assesses environment and development worldwide
over the period 1972-1988 using the car as a metaphor
for unsustainable development. Asks whether or not the
debate on sustainable development has taken a wrong

Language: English, French, Portuguese and Spanish;
Length: 45'; Origin: Germany; Production Company: NDR;
Producers/ Directors: Ekkehard Launer and Nicola von
Hollander; Distributor: TVE Distribution and Training
Centre, Postbus 7, 3700 AA Zeist, The Netherlands.


Describes how rural communities in Niger and Kenya are
responding to the severe changes wrought in their
environment by climate change, poverty and population
pressures. Examples include soil and water conservation
projects such as stone terracing and tree breaks.

Language: English; Length: 50'; Origin: UK; Production
Company: BBC/Open University; Distributor: TVE
Distribution and Training Centre, Postbus 7, 3700 AA
Zeist, The Netherlands.


Shows why there are no quick solutions to the creeping
desert in the drought-hit countries of sub-Saharan
Africa, considering the experience of aid projects
battling with environmental deterioration in northern
Mali including a plan to bring water back to Lake
Fagubine, once the biggest lake in west Africa but now
a dried-out desert plain. 

Language: English, French; Length: 52'; Origin: UK;
Production Company: Central TV; Producer/Director:
Bruno Sorrentino; Distributor: TVE Distribution and
Training Centre, Postbus 7, 3700 AA Zeist, The

THE BIG HEAT     1990

Discusses international responses to the 1990 findings
of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,
focusing on the fossil fuel lobby in the United States
and their influence on national policy and the dilemma
faced by India's politicians in reconciling the
apparent conflict between cheap energy and the need to
curb carbon emissions. 

Language: English; Length: 40'; Origin: UK; Production
Company: BBC; Producer: Charles Furneaux; Distributor:
TVE Distribution and Training Centre, Postbus 7, 3700
AA Zeist, The Netherlands.


Uses dramatic time-lapse photography to illustrate
severe weather events and shows how new technologies
can be used to predict climate change and other effects
of atmospheric pollution and to calculate how much
damage has been done.

Language: English; Length: 30'; Origin: Canada;
Production Company: Breakthrough Films; Producers:
Peter Williamson and Ira Levy; Director: Peter
Williamson; Distributor: Breakthrough Films, Ant TV
Inc, 67 Mowat Ave, Suite 331, Toronto, Ontario M6K 3E3,


Describes the causes, effects and some of the measures
needed to halt global warming.

Language: English; Length: 20'; Origin: UK; Producer:
BBC/ International Broadcasting Trust; Distributor: TVE
Distribution and Training Centre, Postbus 7, 3700 AA
Zeist, The Netherlands.

THE HEAT IS ON     1991

Discusses the certainties and uncertainties in the
science of global warming and the justification for the
conclusion that precautionary action to curb greenhouse
gas emissions is necessary.

Language: English; Length: 24'; Origin: UK; Producer:
BBC/Open University; Producer/Director: Eleanor Morris;
Distributor: Open University Educational Enterprises,
Attn Diana Rualt, 12 Cofferidge Close, Stony Stratford,
Milton Keynes MK11 1BY, UK.


Argues that, over the coming 50 years, governments must
redefine their security interests in environmental
terms or else international diplomacy will become
locked into the chaotic consequences of mass
environmental degradation. Considers toxic waste, air
pollution, environmental and economic refugees and
water resource conflicts.

Language: English; Length: 52'; Origin: UK; Production
Company: Central TV; Producers: Lawrence Moore and
Robbie Stamp; Director: Robbie Stamp; Distributor: TVE
Distribution and Training Centre, Postbus 7, 3700 AA
Zeist, The Netherlands.


Conveys the contradictions and complexities inherent in
the global warming debate, focusing on the fate of the
low-lying Maldives. The film considers the dilemma
facing the developing world if it is not to exacerbate
the problem caused by the greenhouse gas emissions of
the industrialized nations.

Language: Norwegian, English; Length: 60'; Origin:
Norway; Production Company: Ying-Yang Productions;
Producers/ Directors: Petter Nome and Torbjorn Morvik;
Distributor: TVE Distribution and Training Centre,
Postbus 7, 3700 AA Zeist, The Netherlands.

Further information: Most of the films distributed by
TVE are available for broadcast or use by NGOs free of
charge in developing nations. Check with distributor in
other cases.



TVE has recently published a special issue of Moving 
Pictures Bulletin on population. Containing an
excellent educational supplement as well as details of
relevant documentaries, the issue marks the release of
the latest TVE/Central TV co-production, Sex, Lemurs
and Holes in the Sky. 

Produced and directed by Lawrence Moore and Robbie
Stamp, the documentary is a serious exploration of the
linked issues of population, consumption, poverty and
the environment. We are, the film claims, facing a
crisis - not just about numbers, which are 
meaningless in isolation, but about the impact we as
humans have on our environment.

The film's thesis is that we use the environment both 
as a source for food, shelter and raw materials and as
a sink to dispose of our wastes. The impact on the
environment derives from a combination of three
factors: how much each of us consumes, the technology
we use to extract and process resources as well as
getting rid of the waste, and the numbers of us who
have this impact, day in, day out.

The film contrasts the lifestyles of two families on 
two very different islands, Madagascar and Manhattan,
and shows how individuals' personal and political
priorities can make a difference.

There are some stark choices. America's annual
soft-drinks bill - at US$33 million - could pay for a
three-year programme to provide drinking water for all
the people who don't have it at the moment. The 500
million the British spent on video games in 1992 could
cover the cost of literacy classes for half the women 
in the developing world. 

Options such as these, the film suggests, could mean 
the difference between a world population of 8 billion
or 12 billion in 60 years' time. In the end, it's up to