1	               September 1993
     3	   John A. Macdonald and the Formation of the National Policy
     5	                              ..edited by Marijan Salopek
     7	                ================================
     9	...  The resolution speaks not only of a reasonable adjustment of
    10	the tariff but of the encouragement and development of
    11	interprovincial trade.  That is one of the great objects we
    12	should seek to attain.  Formerly, we were a number of Provinces
    13	which had very little trade with each other, and very little
    14	connection, except a common allegiance to a common Sovereign, and
    15	it is of the greatest importance that we should be allied
    16	together.  I believe that, by a fair readjustment of the tariff,
    17	we can increase the various industries which we can interchange
    18	one with another, and make this union a union in interest, a
    19	union in trade, and a union in feeling.  We shall then grow up
    20	rapidly a good, steady and mature trade between the Provinces,
    21	rendering us independent of foreign trade, and not, as New
    22	Brunswick and Nova Scotia formerly did, look to the United States
    23	or to England for trade, but look to Ontario and Quebec, --
    24	sending their products west, and receiving the products of Quebec
    25	and Ontario in exchange.  Thus the great policy, the National
    26	Policy, which we on this side are advocating, would be attained. 
    27	Hon. gentlemen opposite laughed very much when they heard that
    28	part of the resolution relating to reciprocity of tariffs and
    29	reciprocity of trade; but I will tell them that, if there is one
    30	thing more than another in the minds of the people at the present
    31	time, it is this very subject.  There is no mistake about it, for
    32	during the summer I had the opportunity of visiting all parts of
    33	the country, and have met many who profess themselves to be
    34	Reformers, Grits, or Liberals, upon whose minds the idea has been
    35	impressed.  It has taken fast hold of the people of Ontario.  
    36	Hon. gentlemen may depend upon it that the country will have it. 
    37	The country will not have the present unjust policy.  The country
    38	will have fair play, and will not allow our markets to be made
    39	use of by the manufacturers of a neighbouring country when they
    40	can find no better market elsewhere, and at the same time have no
    41	access to their markets.
    43	Source:  Extract, Canada, Parliament, , 1878, p. 854.