1	               September 1993
     3			The Royal Proclamation of 1763
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     7	                                        October 7, 1763
     9	      By the King, a Proclamation
    10	      George R.
    12	      Whereas We have taken into Our Royal Consideration the
    13	extensive and valuable Acquisitions in America, secured to our 
    14	Crown by the late Definitive Treaty of Peace concluded at Paris, 
    15	the 10th Day of February last; and being desirous that all Our 
    16	loving Subjects, as well of our Kingdom as of our Colonies in 
    17	America, may avail themselves with all convenient Speed, of the 
    18	great Benefits and Advantages which must accrue therefrom to 
    19	their Commerce, Manufactures, and Navigation, We have thought 
    20	fit, with the Advice of our Privy Council, to issue this our 
    21	Royal Proclamation, hereby to publish and declare to all our
    22	loving Subjects, that we have, with the Advice of our Said Privy 
    23	Council, granted our Letters Patent, under our Great Seal of 
    24	Great Britain, to erect, within the Countries and Islands ceded 
    25	and confirmed to Us by the said Treaty, Four distinct and
    26	separate Governments, styled and called by the names of Quebec,
    27	East  Florida, West Florida and Grenada, and limited and bounded
    28	as follows, viz.
    30	     First - The Government of Quebec bounded on the Labrador
    31	Coast by the River St. John, and from thence by a Line drawn from 
    32	the Head of that River through the Lake St. John, to the South 
    33	end of the Lake Nipissim; from whence the said Line, crossing the 
    34	River St. Lawrence, and the Lake Champlain, in 45. Degrees of 
    35	North Latitude, passes along the High Lands which divide the 
    36	Rivers that empty themselves into the said River St. Lawrence
    37	from those which fall into the Sea; and also along the North
    38	Coast of the Baye des Chaleurs, and the Coast of the Gulph of St.
    39	Lawrence to Cape Rosieres, and from thence crossing the Mouth of
    40	the River St. Lawrence by the West End of the Island of
    41	Anticosti, terminates at the aforesaid River of St. John.
    42	     Secondly - The Government of East Florida, bounded to the
    43	Westward by the Gulph of Mexico and the Apalachicola River; to 
    44	the Northward by a Line drawn from that part of the said River 
    45	where the Chatahouchee and Flint Rivers meet, to the source of 
    46	St. Mary's River, and by the course of the said River to the 
    47	Atlantic Ocean; and the Eastward and Southward by the Atlantic 
    48	Ocean and the Gulph of Florida, including all Islands within Six 
    49	Leagues of the Sea Coast.
    50	     Thirdly - The Government of West Florida, bounded to the 
    51	Southward by the Gulph of Mexico, including all Islands within 
    52	Six Leagues of the Coast, from the River Apalachicola to Lake 
    53	Pontchartrain; to the Westward by the said Lake, the Lake
    54	Maurepas, and the River Mississippi; to the Northward by a Line
    55	drawn due East from that part of the River Mississippi which lies
    56	in 31 Degrees North Latitude, to the River Apalachicola or
    57	Chatahouchee; and the Eastward by the said River.
    58	     Fourthly - The Government of Grenada, comprehending the 
    59	Island of that name, together with the Grenadines, and the
    60	Islands of Dominico, St. Vincent's and Tobago. And to the end
    61	that the open and free Fishery of our Subjects may be extended to
    62	and carried on upon the Coast of Labrador, and the adjacent
    63	Islands, We have thought fit, with the advice of our said Privy
    64	Council to put all that Coast, from the River St. John's to
    65	Hudson's Streights, together with the Islands of Anticosti and
    66	Madelaine, and all other smaller Islands lying upon the said
    67	Coast, under the care and Inspection of our Governor of
    68	Newfoundland.
    69	     We have also, with the advice of our Privy Council, thought 
    70	fit to annex the Islands of St. John's and Cape Breton, or Isle 
    71	Royale, with the lesser Islands adjacent thereto, to our Govern- 
    72	ment of Nova Scotia.
    73	     We have also, with the advice of our Privy Council
    74	aforesaid, annexed to our Province of Georgia all the Lands lying 
    75	between the Rivers Alatamaha and St. Mary's.
    76	     And whereas it will greatly contribute to the speedy
    77	settling of our said new Governments, that our loving Subjects 
    78	should be informed of our Paternal care, for the security of the 
    79	Liberties and Properties of those who are and shall become
    80	Inhabitants thereof, We have thought fit to publish and declare,
    81	by this Our Proclamation, that We have, in the Letters Patent
    82	under our Great Seal of Great Britain, by which the said
    83	Governments are constituted, given express Power and Direction to
    84	our Governors of our Said Colonies respectively, that so soon as
    85	the state and circumstances of the said Colonies will admit
    86	thereof, they shall, with the Advice and Consent of the Members
    87	of our Council, summon and call General Assemblies within the
    88	said Governments respectively, in such Manner and Form as is used
    89	and directed in those Colonies and Provinces in America which are
    90	under our immediate Government; And We have also given Power to
    91	the said Governors, with the consent of our Said Councils, and
    92	the Representatives of the People so to be summoned as aforesaid,
    93	to make, constitute, and ordain Laws, Statutes, and Ordinances
    94	for the Public Peace, Welfare, and good Government of our said
    95	Colonies, and of the People and Inhabitants thereof, as near as
    96	may be agreeable to the Laws of England, and under such
    97	Regulations and Restrictions as are used in other Colonies; and
    98	in the mean Time, and until such Assemblies can be called as
    99	aforesaid, all Persons Inhabiting in or resorting to our Said
   100	Colonies may confide in our Royal Protection for the Enjoyment of
   101	the Benefit of the Laws of our Realm of England; for which
   102	Purpose We have have given Power under our Great Seal to the
   103	Governors of our said Colonies respectively to erect and
   104	constitute, with the Advice of our said Councils respectively,
   105	Courts of Judicature and public Justice within our Said Colonies
   106	for hearing and determining all Causes, as well Criminal as
   107	Civil, according to Law and Equity, and as near as may be
   108	agreeable to the Laws of England, with Liberty to all Persons who
   109	may think themselves aggrieved by the Sentences of such Courts,
   110	in all Civil Cases, to appeal, under the usual Limitations and
   111	Restrictions, to Us in our Privy Council.
   114	     We have also thought fit, with the advice of our Privy
   115	Council as aforesaid, to give unto the Governors and Councils of
   116	our said Three new Colonies, upon the Continent full Power and
   117	Authority to settle and agree with the Inhabitants of our said
   118	new Colonies or with any other Persons who shall resort thereto,
   119	for such Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments, as are now or
   120	hereafter shall be in our Power to dispose of; and them to grant
   121	to any such Person or Persons upon such Terms, and under such
   122	moderate Quit-Rents, Services and Acknowledgments, as have been
   123	appointed and settled in our other Colonies, and under such other
   124	Conditions as shall appear to us to be necessary and expedient
   125	for the Advantage of the Grantees, and the Improvement and
   126	settlement of our said Colonies.
   128	     And Whereas, We are desirous, upon all occasions, to testify 
   129	our Royal Sense and Approbation of the Conduct and bravery of the 
   130	Officers and Soldiers of our Armies, and to reward the same, We 
   131	do hereby command and impower our Governors of our said Three new 
   132	Colonies, and all other our Governors of our several Provinces on 
   133	the Continent of North America, to grant without Fee or Reward, 
   134	to such reduced Officers as have served in North America during 
   135	the late War, and to such Private Soldiers as have been or shall 
   136	be disbanded in America, and are actually residing there, and 
   137	shall personally apply for the same, the following Quantities of 
   138	Lands, subject, at the Expiration of Ten Years, to the same Quit-
   139	Rents as other Lands are subject to in the Province within which 
   140	they are granted, as also subject to the same Conditions of
   141	Cultivation and Improvement; viz.
   143	     To every Person having the Rank of a Field Officer --
   144	     5,000  Acres.
   146	     To every Captain -- 5,000 Acres.
   148	     To every Subaltern or Staff Officer, -- 2,000 Acres.
   150	     To every Non-Commission Officer, -- 200 Acres.
   152	     To every Private Man -- 50 Acres.
   154	     We do likewise authorize and require the Governors and
   155	Commanders in Chief of all our said Colonies upon the Continent
   156	of North America to grant the like Quantities of Land, and upon
   157	the same conditions, to such reduced Officers of our Navy of like 
   158	Rank as served on board our Ships of War in North America at the 
   159	times of the Reduction of Louisbourg and Quebec in the late War, 
   160	and who shall personally apply to our respective Governors for 
   161	such Grants.
   163	     And whereas it is just and reasonable, and essential to our 
   164	Interest, and the Security of our Colonies, that the several
   165	Nations or Tribes of Indians with whom We are connected, and who 
   166	live under our Protection, should not be molested or disturbed in 
   167	the Possession of such Parts of Our Dominions and Territories as, 
   168	not having been ceded to or purchased by Us, are reserved to 
   169	them, or any of them, as their Hunting Grounds. -- We do
   170	therefore, with the Advice or our Privy Council, declare it to be
   171	our Royal Will and Pleasure, that no Governor or Commander in
   172	Chief in any of our Colonies of Quebec, East Florida, or West
   173	Florida, do presume, upon any Pretence whatever, to grant
   174	Warrants of Survey, or pass any Patents for Lands beyond the
   175	Bounds of their respective Governments, as described in their
   176	Commissions; as also that no Governor or Commander in Chief in
   177	any of our other Colonies or Plantations in America do presume
   178	for the present, and until our further Pleasure be known, to
   179	grant Warrants of Survey, or pass Patents for any Lands beyond
   180	the Heads or Sources of any of the Rivers which fall into the
   181	Atlantic Ocean from the West and North West, or upon any Lands
   182	whatever, which, not having been ceded to or purchased by Us as
   183	aforesaid, are reserved to the said Indians, or any of them.
   185	     And We do further declare it to be Our Royal Will and
   186	Pleasure, for the present as aforesaid, to reserve under our
   187	Sovereignty, Protection, and Dominion, for the use of the said
   188	Indians, all the Lands and Territories not included within the
   189	Limits of Our said Three new Governments, or within the Limits of 
   190	the Territory granted to the Hudson's Bay Company, as also all 
   191	the Lands and Territories lying to the Westward of the Sources of 
   192	the Rivers which fall into the Sea from the West and North West 
   193	as aforesaid.
   195	     And We do hereby strictly forbid, on Pain of our
   196	Displeasure, all our loving Subjects from making any Purchases or
   197	Settlements whatever, or taking Possession of any of the Lands
   198	above reserved, without our especial leave and Licence for that
   199	Purpose first obtained.
   201	     And, We do further strictly enjoin and require all Persons 
   202	whatever who have either wilfully or inadvertently seated
   203	themselves upon any Lands within the Countries above described,
   204	or upon any other Lands which, not having been ceded to or
   205	purchased by Us, are still reserved to the said Indians as
   206	aforesaid, forthwith to remove themselves from such Settlements.
   208	     And whereas great Frauds and Abuses have been committed in 
   209	purchasing Lands of the Indians, to the great Prejudice of our 
   210	Interests, and to the great Dissatisfaction of the said Indians; 
   211	In order, therefore, to prevent such Irregularities for the
   212	future, and to the end that the Indians may be convinced of our 
   213	Justice and determined Resolution to remove all reasonable Cause 
   214	of Discontent, We do, with the Advice of our Privy Council 
   215	strictly enjoin and require, that no private Person do presume to 
   216	make any purchase from the said Indians of any Lands reserved to 
   217	the said Indians, within those parts of our Colonies where, We 
   218	have thought proper to allow Settlement; but that, if at any Time 
   219	any of the Said Indians should be inclined to dispose of the said 
   220	Lands, the same shall be Purchased only for Us, in our Name, at 
   221	some public Meeting or Assembly of the said Indians, to be held 
   222	for that Purpose by the Governor or Commander in Chief of our 
   223	Colony respectively within which they shall lie; and in case they 
   224	shall lie within the limits of any Proprietary Government, they 
   225	shall be purchased only for the Use and in the name of such
   226	Proprietaries, conformable to such Directions and Instructions as
   227	We or they shall think proper to give for that Purpose; And we
   228	do, by the Advice of our Privy Council, declare and enjoin, that
   229	the Trade with the said Indians shall be free and open to all our 
   230	Subjects whatever, provided that every Person who may incline to 
   231	Trade with the said Indians do take out a Licence for carrying on 
   232	such Trade from the Governor or Commander in Chief of any of our 
   233	Colonies respectively where such Person shall reside, and also 
   234	give Security to observe such Regulations as We shall at any Time 
   235	think fit, by ourselves or by our Commissaries to be appointed 
   236	for this Purpose, to direct and appoint for the Benefit of the 
   237	said Trade:
   239	     And we do hereby authorize, enjoin, and require the
   240	Governors and Commanders in Chief of all our Colonies
   241	respectively, as well those under Our immediate Government as
   242	those under the Government and Direction of Proprietaries, to
   243	grant such Licences without Fee or Reward, taking especial Care
   244	to insert therein a Condition, that such Licence shall be void,
   245	and the Security forfeited in case the Person to whom the same is
   246	granted shall refuse or neglect to observe such Regulation as We
   247	shall think proper to prescribe as aforesaid.
   249	     And we do further expressly enjoin and require all Officers 
   250	whatever, as well Military as those Employed in the Management 
   251	and Direction of Indian Affairs, within the Territories reserved 
   252	as aforesaid for the use of the said Indians, to seize and
   253	apprehend all Persons whatever, who standing charged with
   254	Treason, Misprisions of Treason, Murders, or other Felonies or
   255	Misdemeanors, shall fly from Justice and take Refuge in the said
   256	Territory, and to send them under a proper guard to the Colony
   257	where the Crime was committed of which they stand accused, in
   258	order to take their Trial for the same.
   260	     Given at our Court at St. James's the 7th Day of October 
   261	1763, in the Third Year of our Reign.
   263	                	GOD SAVE THE KING
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