In 1668 Richard Elton described this organization as the "Ancient and Honourable Artillery Company of London. This was probably one of the first times that particular label was applied to this organization. The following table lists the various names by which the organization was called before that time (during the period we are interested in.)
Note: "Artillery" at this time refers to anything that shoots including muskets. "Infantry" is a later French adaptation introduced around the begining of the seventeenth century.
Date Authority Designation 1537 Royal Charter Maisters and Rulers and Cominalitie of the Fraternitie or Guylde of Artillary of Longbowes, Crossbowes and Handegonnes 1538 Lease of the Old Artillery Ground ditto 1544 Accounts of Roger Highme, Collector of the rents to King Henry VIII Masters and Governors of the Gunners 1550 Letters Patent of King Edward VI Masters, Governors, Commonalty, Fraternity or Guild of the Mystery of Long-bows, Cross-bows and hand-guns 1551 Augmentation Office Accounts Masters & Governors of the Gunners 1587 Roll of Thomas Lant Cyttizens of London practised in Armes 1588 John Stow Captaines of the Artillery Garden 1612 Order in Council Companie of Cittizens of the Military Yarde 1613 Court of Aldermen Societie practising Armes in the Artillery Garden 1616 Order in Council Societie of Armes, Cittizens of London 1616 Richard Niccols London's Artillery
London's Hopeful Infantrie
1617 Sermon by Thomas Adams Societie of Armes practising in the Artillerie Garden 1622 Order in Council Divers Cittizens of London exercising Armes in the Teazel Ground or Artillery Garden 1623 Sermon by Thomas Sutton, D.D. Gentlemen of Artillery Garden
[I discovered Sutton also used the term, "The Much Honoured Societie of Gentlemen, that exercise Armes in the Artillery Garden Neer London". Duncan.]
1629 John Bingham Martiall Company exercising Arms in the Artillery Ground 1632 Order in Council Companie of the Artillery Yarde
Company of the Artillery Gardens
1632 Royal Warrant Voluntary Company of the Artillery Garden 1634 Order in Council Companie of the Artillery Garden 1634 Secretary of State Military Company of the City of London 1639 William Barriffe Gentlemen of the Artillery Garden 1647 William Barriffe Ancient and Worthy Society exercising Armes in the Artillery Garden
Walker, G. Goold. The Honourable Artillery Company 1537 - 1947. Aldershot, Gale and Polden Ltd, 1954. [ page 24]
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Transcribed for research purposes.
Duncan's Cavalier Webpages: http://victoria.tc.ca/~uu632/duncanweb